SOC323H5 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Harold Garfinkel, Erving Goffman, Conditional Sentence

30 views5 pages
Published on 17 Apr 2013
School
Department
Course
Professor
SOC323-Lecture 11 April 1, 2013
Corrections: what is it?
A) A subsystem of the criminal justice system
Correctional Institutions, courts, the police, jails, the public
B) A philosophy for responding to criminal offenders
Should we have death penalty? Should children be imprisoned?
C) A range of programs and services delivered in community
Probation: supervision of the offender in the community
Conditional sentence: less than two years/minimum risk
Conditional release: serving the remaining jail time in outside
Who Goes to Prison? Sentences of a term of two years or more
Who is Involved in Corrections?
Sanctioning; supervising; providing services
A) Carceral: inside institutions: offenders, judges, wardens, correctional
officers, professionals….
B) Non-Carceral: outside institutions: probation officers, treatment &
counseling, volunteers
The Legislative Framework of Corrections
Canadian charter of rights and freedoms (1982)
Defines rights and freedoms
Constitution act (1867)
Responsibilities of federal and provincial governments and their jurisdictions
Criminal code
Defines criminal offences, procedures for their prosecution and penalties
Corrections and conditional release act (1992)
For federal system of correctional facilities
International conventions
Corrections evolves:
Reflects interactions of social factor
Cultural, political, economic, religious
Severity of punishment
Explanations of criminal behaviour
Determine: number of prisoners
Crime Rate in Canada
Ontario has the lowest crime rate
Northwest Territories has the most-more Aboriginal people, poorer
provinces of Canada
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Kinds of Crimes Committed
Homicide the lowest in Canada
Administrative of justice is the highest-so high because we have so many of
them
Incarceration rate in Canada
Quite high incarceration rate
US not on chart because very high-2.3 million people in jail
Length of Sentence
Try to limit the length of incarceration because too expensive
Many people try to limit the number of people incarcerated
Ethnicity
66% -Caucasian-there a larger population, over-represented
2008-2009: CSC was responsible for
12,649 federally incarcerated offenders
498 (female)
2,445 (Aboriginal men)
About 1,200 (temporarily detained; conditional release to the community)
Including all admissions and releases: CSC managed a flow through of 25,500
difference offenders
Alternatives to Confinement
Community Corrections
Correctional programs & supervision of offenders in community
Point: to keep offenders from being incarcerated
1) Diversion
First-time, low-risk offenders
Objectives
a) No negative labeling & stigmatization
b) Reduction of unnecessary social control and coercion
c) Reduction of re-offending
d) Reduction of costs
2) Probation
For cases: no minimum penalty prescribed
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

A) a subsystem of the criminal justice system. Correctional institutions, courts, the police, jails, the public. B) a philosophy for responding to criminal offenders. C) a range of programs and services delivered in community. Probation: supervision of the offender in the community. Conditional sentence: less than two years/minimum risk. Conditional release: serving the remaining jail time in outside. Sentences of a term of two years or more. A) carceral: inside institutions: offenders, judges, wardens, correctional officers, professionals . B) non-carceral: outside institutions: probation officers, treatment & counseling, volunteers . Canadian charter of rights and freedoms (1982) Responsibilities of federal and provincial governments and their jurisdictions. Defines criminal offences, procedures for their prosecution and penalties. Northwest territories has the most-more aboriginal people, poorer provinces of canada. Administrative of justice is the highest-so high because we have so many of them. Us not on chart because very high-2. 3 million people in jail. Try to limit the length of incarceration because too expensive.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.