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Lecture

Full Lecture 1 Notes

13 pages74 viewsWinter 2011

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC346H5
Professor
Reza Barmaki

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The Problem of Order
Modern Industrial Capitalism
15th century onward
Collapse of feudal order
oAgriculture based
Rapid industrialization of economy (rapid rise)
Rise of capitalism
Urbanization
oLarge, populated cities
Child labour
Problem of order from all these little problems
New & complex problems
Problem of order
oPolitical, social, economic, ethical
Poverty, crime, ethnic, conflict, racism, health (physical & mental), unemployment,
child labour, prostitution, demonstrations…
Industrial capitalism gives many items to steal now
Growth of society brought upon a lot of problems
Problem of youth gang emerges
Problem of racism
Problem of theft
Problem of poverty
Etc.
Sociology/Criminology rise from these problems
Feudal Society
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Social hierarchy based on status
Bound to status groups
Status: permanent
oNoble, warrior, peasant, slave
Laws protected: boundaries, privileges, duties
Social vertical and horizontal mobility
What happens to the old people?
Back then families would take care of their elders but not much now
Colonialism
Need for raw material
Getting rid of surplus population
Ex: Sending unwanted people to Canada, New Zealand, Australia
Many crimes were committed
Natives of Canada
What are we going to do with these people already on the land?
Initial plan was to kill them all but too many so failed
Developed other plans such as exclusion
Savages are being civilized in residential schools
Had all these problems in the Western world so theres an urgent need for:
Reform/remedy
Social control
Social Sciences emerged to help with these problems
Sociology, Criminology, Psychoanalysis, etc.
Need to create a new order
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Social Control
Extracting compliance from people
Compliance to existing order (Compliance is needed for social order)
What is order?
4 Dimensions of social order:
oBehavioural
oTheoretical
oAesthetic (artistic)
oRace/class
(a)Internal
Inculcation with beliefs justifying 4 dimensions of social order as they are
Socialization (Society makes you feel you did the wrong thing)
Psychological mechanisms are formed (eg. Guilt)
Socializing people is easier in small, simple societies
Homogeneity of beliefs
(b)External
Institutional control of behaviour
1.Rewards for conformity
Work, Church, Welfare
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