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7 Jan 2011
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SOC 361 ORGS & IR Session #1a
INTRO to the COURSE & ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
Topics:
Course Information
Organizations
Sociology of Organizations
Definitions: Org Structure
Hovey and Beard Company
Importance of Org Structure
Notes for today’s reading chap 1 & 2:
P. 17 can see the overview of the book
Read overview and summary at end of chapter first then read chapter
Chapter 1:
o3 sections
o1st why studying org. is useful. P. 2
o2nd discuss affects org has on indiv, communities, society and world.
Whats missing is the affect on org on other org, this does happen with org
within same sector, industry or country. Eg. TA strikes at UTM affects how
UofT discuss contracts
o3rd how do we define org, enormous variation across diff types of org. 3
levels org gets studied (p. 16)
Chapter 2: lay out analysis of org
oBegins with org structure and nature of structure relate this to ideas of
social structure from other soc classes taken and how it shows up in org
oStructure of org and structure of building good analogy
oCompare definition they give of org structure to lecture
oEarly research and sociological research both on explaining structure
and how relate to org performance
oComplexity, formalization and socialization(?) read closer and see how
related to one another in 5th section are they independent of each other
are complex org always centralized?
Question of the week:
p. 7 do EEs have power to change org structure/culture and is power threaten by
EE’s of non-standard work?
Norms of org is part of the structure, can affect training and promotion
opportunity dont get promoted if dont get training
Certain groups of ppl dont get training
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2
oeg. case of women training opportunity on weekend and far = women
less likely to get offered training and other cases cant accept offer bc
household responsibilities. Can also be based on race, age, and other
characteristics
oindivs cant change org culture unless have strong charismatic charac.
oChange org structure even more difficult to do usually affected by
change in tech bc change in structure, company competitor leads to crisis
= change in structure
ORGANIZATIONS
Formal organization: the structure, and/or the rules for members, are codified, i.e.,
written down
Being a part of an org is when being a member of work, school, club more
difficult to define if member of religion bc are u defined by if u attend weekly,
participate, follow rules? Where do u draw the line bw membership/non
Org vary by size, homogeneity UTM is hetero by EEs age, race can compare
org u work with with UTM in terms of its heterogeneity
UTM has a lot of formalization many rules, documents, policies, increasing with
time
Non/informal org local farm selling produce
Formal org replace indiv initiative found in preindustrial era eg. get off a plane
many formal org u see immediately like customs
Formal org can harm indiv in society can maintain gender/race discrimination
Org vary from those that have profit interest to nonprofit like charities, fraternities,
armies, NATO so same rules apply to nonprofit as they do to profit?
Orgs and Money
SOCIOLOGY of ORGANIZATIONS
Look at org and see how they work in 3 key ideas:
1.Social structure of orgs
power, authority, how it is maintained and used
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3
2.Social culture of orgs
Values of org expected behave of indiv of org. eg. what is the norm time for coffee
break
3.The social processes that occur in orgs
How decisions made, how ppl come to occupy certain position, and indiv in units
interact/cooperate
Other important concepts in the course:
Collective action:
How group of indiv act in a single entity. Eg. strike = getting EE to act collectively
and how they are convinced to do this
Social conflict
Can be bw any social entity eg. IT and production departments can clash
Internal disputes in org that can affect social conflict
Social power
Power to change others behav
Technology:
The means by which work is done, incl. tools, equipment, operations and
processes
DEFINITIONS: ORG STRUCTURE
Structure = the set of relationships among persons, positions, and org units
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Document Summary

Soc 361 orgs & ir session #1a. P. 2: 2nd discuss affects org has on indiv, communities, society and world. What"s missing is the affect on org on other org, this does happen with org within same sector, industry or country. Uoft discuss contracts: 3rd how do we define org, enormous variation across diff types of org. Read closer and see how related to one another in 5th section are they independent of each other. Question of the week: 7 do ee"s have power to change org structure/culture and is power threaten by. Ee"s of non-standard work: norms of org is part of the structure, can affect training and promotion opportunity don"t get promoted if don"t get training, certain groups of ppl don"t get training www. notesolution. com. 2: eg. case of women training opportunity on weekend and far = women less likely to get offered training and other cases can"t accept offer bc household responsibilities.

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