Lecture 3- Work and Gendered Work- Historical Examination
January 24, 2014
Questions to consider
how did industrialization lead to gendered work?
why is unpaid family work not valued as highly as paid work?
in what ways does the ideology of separate spheres differentially impact women?
what social, economic forces led to women's increasing labour force participation?
Women and Work in Medieval England
nature of production in pre-capitalist families are shaped by family structures
and family relations
feudalism was a very elaborate social structure- head of the structure was the
until about the 18th century, majority (70-80%) of european population
farmers- lived based on agricultural labour and means of aquiring knowledge
-economic life was very family centred and incorporated labour of
women, children and the elderly (**family economy; producing and
-twon: salaried labourers and free artisans
-economic life in city family centered
-importance of family unit- necessary for survival of the family
-Medieval England: family was the unit of production as well as the unit
of consumption (key focus is the household rather than a nuclear
family) shaped all family structures and relationships
marriage was a partnership - only family that can afford to would keep their
wives at home and this was a status symbol
labour of each person in the family highly valued
Tilly and Scott (2001)
pre-industral (shift toward industrialization and greater division between labour
of men and women (division of labour by gender)
determined by larger economic changes
studied Modern England and France
-begin to see the household shifting from unit of production and
consumption to just consumption
-use of exchange of labour for wages and use of young