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SOC362H5 (72)

january 24

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Lina Samuel

Lecture 3- Work and Gendered Work- Historical Examination January 24, 2014 Questions to consider how did industrialization lead to gendered work? why is unpaid family work not valued as highly as paid work? in what ways does the ideology of separate spheres differentially impact women? what social, economic forces led to women's increasing labour force participation? Women and Work in Medieval England TracyAdams (2001) nature of production in pre-capitalist families are shaped by family structures and family relations feudalism was a very elaborate social structure- head of the structure was the until about the 18th century, majority (70-80%) of european population farmers- lived based on agricultural labour and means of aquiring knowledge limited -economic life was very family centred and incorporated labour of women, children and the elderly (**family economy; producing and consuming goods) -twon: salaried labourers and free artisans -economic life in city family centered -importance of family unit- necessary for survival of the family -Medieval England: family was the unit of production as well as the unit of consumption (key focus is the household rather than a nuclear family) shaped all family structures and relationships marriage was a partnership - only family that can afford to would keep their wives at home and this was a status symbol labour of each person in the family highly valued Tilly and Scott (2001) pre-industral (shift toward industrialization and greater division between labour of men and women (division of labour by gender) determined by larger economic changes studied Modern England and France urban centres: -begin to see the household shifting from unit of production and consumption to just consumption -use of exchange of labour for wages and use of young
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