Carole pateman y public/private dichotomy- private refers to home while public refers to work; women mainly associated with private dichotomy and men associated with public sphere y dichotomy- completely opposite, significance- governs relationships in the public and private sphere. domesticity seen as unpaid labour ** y manifest destiny- Idea that men and women have different complementary roles. Idea that males have more power and feminine gender is devalued y y y separate but equal- would assume that there would be easy movement for men and women between public/private spheres: ex. Males taking on female roles: assumes a naturalized, essential difference : hierarchy exists where there are differences **essentialism (associated with stereotypes) y should challenge notions of things being natural and inevitable. Normalization of female= nature y 2 ways in which women are considered more natural - physiology, social roles and psyche y ortner defines cultural subordination by any of 3 criteria.