lecture 2.docx

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Women and Gender Studies
Karen Kus

WSG250 – LECTURE 2- JAN.13.2014 - How do you define family? - Legal definition - Determine who is responsible for providing financial aid emotional support for children - Rights over and to children - Refers to who is responsible for household maintenance. Payment for rent or mortgage , or taxes or utilities - Access to pension , benefit’s, assets - Immigration law - Marriage law - Ontario family act Census family - Marriage couple an children if any - Common law couple and children if any - Lone parent and at least one child - Grandchildren and grandparents (no parents) - all family member living in one dwelling - couple may be opposite or same sex - children by birth, marriage or adoption - children not living with their spouses and or children disclosing identity and family form - schools, hospitals, immigration services, banks, businesses and community organizations determine access and decision making power based on definitions of family. Economic family - a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other bby blood, marriage, common law or adoption - a couple may be of opposite or same sex - foster children are included - broader concept that census family - all persons who are members of a cencus family are also member of an economic family - Nuclear family - the part of a family that includes only the father, mother and children - Nuclear ideology - What does this mean for families who do not fit this ideology - Westernized ideology of the nuclear family as the primariy social unit - Socially structured as ideal - Hyped in the 1950 as a American dream - Normalized and universalized – the nuclear family is often what we think of as family - Historically and culturally specific - Marriage, children , heterosexual, blood related - Nuclear family is assumed as universal - But it is not universal in all cultures Types of families - Nuclear - Blended - Extended - Single parent - Childless - Adoptive - Polygamous, polygamous - Monogamous - Cohabiting - Grandparent led - Same sex - Commuter - Foster and group home 5 critical areas of kinship - Conception: blood ties/biological relations, variable cross culturally - Incest taboos: social definition of kinships relations defining incest rather than concepts of natural biological imperatives within a family unit - Parent/child: widespread practices of adoption/fostering, mother child, bond is not natural and inevitable - Marriage- culturally socialized, often decided through social arrangements, determines percentage, inheritcane, paternity,
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