ANTA02H3 Lecture Notes - Matrilineality, Port Vila, Individualism

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Published on 15 Apr 2013
School
Department
Course
ANTA02 Week 7
Exam April 24, 9:00 in Gym
Bodies and Beauty: A Cross-Cultural Perspective
Key Terms and Names
- Rebecca Popenoe; Azawagh Arabs of Niger
- Susan Bordo
- Body ideals and “crystallization” of culture
- Vanuatu; Port Vila
What is beautiful in the Trobriands? //How is Trobriand beauty related to...
- Matrilineality?
- Reciprocity?
- Cultural understandings of appropriate behavior
- Magic?
- Physical Characteristics?
o Value smooth skin/light skin/Shiny skin
Ex. Arms, Legs, everywhere with coconut oil
o Look round and shiny like the full moon
o Not concerned about body shape
o Beauty can be enhanced
Adornment (Earrings, Necklaces, Makeup)
They come from their fathers. It is their duty to give their children
adornments
Girls and boys get multiple sets of earrings from fathers
o No adornments = no acknowledge father
- Why look beautiful at all?
o To attract lovers
This is really significant and really unique
Teenagers are sexually active from a young age (12 13 starting age) and they
would have several lovers
This showed that they were free spirited
Adolescent courtship is like a trial run for adult
Influencing people’s feelings and behaviors
o One cannot gush with love
o Can’t show too much emotion
They believe that you can’t force people to do what they don’t want to do
You don’t tell them, you influence them
o Influence people through beauty magic
Spells from Elders
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Document Summary

Physical characteristics: value smooth skin/light skin/shiny skin. Arms, legs, everywhere with coconut oil: look round and shiny like the full moon, not concerned about body shape, beauty can be enhanced. It is their duty to give their children adornments. Girls and boys get multiple sets of earrings from fathers: no adornments = no acknowledge father. Why look beautiful at all: to attract lovers. This is really significant and really unique. Teenagers are sexually active from a young age (12 13 starting age) and they would have several lovers. This showed that they were free spirited. Adolescent courtship is like a trial run for adult. Influencing people"s feelings and behaviors: one cannot gush with love, can"t show too much emotion. They believe that you can"t force people to do what they don"t want to do. You don"t tell them, you influence them. To make one more attractive and irresistible. Kala doba (a spell placed on a woman"s skirt)

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