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Lecture 4

ANTA02H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Azawagh, Fetus, Milk Kinship

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Maggie Cummings

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Lecture 4:
Key terms/names:
- Ego
- Etic and emic perspectives
- Eskimo/Inuit and Iroquois kinship classification
- Matrilateral and patrilateral kin
- Bilateral and unilineal descent
- Cross-cousins and parallel cousins
- Endogamy and exogamy
- Patrilineal or matrilineal descent
- Consanguine and affinal kin
- Fictive kinship
- Brideprice
- Procreation as symbolic and paternity as cultural construct
Review: Rites of passage
- Rituals that mark the transition form one life stage to another
- 3 stages:
o separation
o transition/liminality (communitas)
o integration
- in feeding desire: girl womanhood isn’t a rites of passage
Relatives and Relations
- relation of descent/kinship (marriage)
- in all cultures kinship is important
- kinship affects status,
- in small community, kinship is the primary/only mode of organization
o people may be distinguished by gender/age, but mostly kinship
o in a small scale society, kinship takes care of everything; protection, marriage,
work, etc.
o thus kinship and society = related
Kinship symbols (basic symbols we need to know as anthropologists)
- put these together to make a kindship diagram
- divorce:
death: / through circle/triangle (Ø)
- colours aren’t significant
- every kinship diagram has to have an ego (starting point for the diagram), person whom we
gather the information from
- etic: outsiders perspective
- emic: insider’s perspective (their special label for that person)
- in order to do this, need kinship diagram + etic label
etic kinship terms:
- ego: reference point for describing kin
- fa = father
- mo = mother
- br = brother
- z = sister
- h = husband
- w = wife
- s = son
- da = daughter
Eskimo** kinship classification
- don’t use the word Eskimo anymore, use Inuit. The word Eskimo is degrading, derogatory
to the Inuit people.
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