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Lecture

ANTA02H3 Lecture Notes - Asceticism, Init


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA02H3
Professor
Maggie Cummings

Page:
of 4
1week 3
Anthropology
Week 3
How culture is learned?
The way world views and understanding of time and ritual
Language
Rights of passage- particular type of ritual
What is world view?
An econpassing picture of reality based on a set of shared assumptions about how the
world works
Multiple worldviews may coexist in a single culture, or a single world view may
dominate
Underneath of culture and all of our beliefes as well. Organization such as food, language
and ways to do things
Worldview is understanding reality what is real and what is not.
The effects of the world and the way you act
Ex. Banging in the attic and your worldview in your culture is ghost
Then you will think oh there is a ghost in my attic
Worldview will tell us what is real and what is not
Highlights social experiences
Within any culture
Thining about worldview: cause of death
-how do we explain death in secular north American culture?
-who can have a natural death in trobriand islands? Who cant? Anyone who dies
understood to die from sorcery unless if extremely old. Natural death doesn’t exist
1)specific way to look at death, they’re concern is why this person and why now?
Sorcery is more then why this person and why now?
They ask this question because they’re worldview is sorcery
How is sorcery done? Anyone could do it one you whenever, will do it on there own or
someone pays for it. for the spell like on there cigarettes, food and baselnuts .
materlingage is power and by weaking it is through sorcery
Believed that someone is recreation of ancestor’s spirate
And cutting out the chance of more ancestors to come back.
When someone dies everyone greaves
-visibly
-publically
not crying enough
How do these ideas about death reflect and perpetuate their respective worldviews?
- “it was your time”
- illness
- natural causes
2
- accident
- inevitable
- suicide
- murdered
factors into account figuring out why someone dies
look at the cercantice such as healthy?, older?, sick?..
who do we consult when someone dies? – pray, which ever god you speak to, medical
profession,
language, culture and reality
“we are what we speak”
sapir-whorf hypothesis: there is a systematic relationship between the categories of
the language a person speaks and how that person understands the world and behaves
in it
in other words, different language patterns yield different patterns of thought
you can tell a lot of the way they speak, gender, region of orgins, estimate the age, tell
the emotional state, mental state, may tell if they’re physical state: just work up,
running or drunk
can tell fi theyre educated with the way they speak
deeper meaning
shape reality
there is a systematic relation and the sturcutre of language
of being reality
suggest different patterns of thought
some places have no nouns and no pastens
life is a process
metaphors we live by (lakof and Johnson)
can the structure of language and the structure of culture really be directly correlated?
We use metaphors to use ideas form one domain of experience to make sense of other
kinds of expirences
Perhaps it is not the structures of language, but culturally significant metaphors that
shape and reflect worldview and culture
Sexual desire is like hungry
Greedy makes you like hungery
Too hungry is Immorality
How do we measure time? Clock, sundile, solor: day-night, calendar, life stages,
work, seasons, events
What “kinds” of time do we have? Leasure time, nap time, play time, transit
schedual, other peoples schedual
What unites of time are most important in our lives? transit, school schdedual
What metaphors do we use to think about time in north America? Time is money,
time flies when your having a good time, strich in time, time is a rivor, time is
running out
Father time, obtject that can run …
3week 3
Talk about as time is a thing, is obectived
Think about some popular proverbs, phrases, etc… that we use when referring to
time?
What might thye say about our culture, our worldview?
Hard to compare ten days and ten pencil
Said this statement time is money: Benjamin franklin, 1748
Capture the spirate of capitalism and the rise of the revolution
This is known as the
Protestant work ethic Max Weber
Asceticism
If tiem is money, it can be saved, spent, budgeted, ect.
Summer when conditions are hot
Records that could be for the future about time
We tend to specialize in time such as space and say long short
Space is a metaphor
High society
Special metaphors
Particular idea is deep
Hanging out
Fooling around
Are all special metaphors
Work followed the season such as milking time
But now factories were paying there workers by an hour and they made them get up
early in the morning and make them work till they cannot
What can you do with your time and money
Save time, barrow time, budget yout time and money as well could be that
Time like money comes from increments like money could be saved and so on…
Extent time is money we live by
Highly metaphorically
Shapes our worldview and how we orent our selves to the world
How else have we come to know our world
Ritual: a form of symbolic action
-a ritual is a dramatic rendering or social portrayal of meanings shared by specific
body of people that makes those meanings seem correct and proper
-ritual is patterned repetitive and symbolic action
reason to bring it up:
art, myth, music and dance
rituals are set off from everyday life and recognized as significant
religious rituals attempted to gain influence or sympathy of a particular cosmic being
identify rituals are seen separate from every day life, ex. Brushing teeth is a pattern
and do it coninurely but is a bed time ritual
it’s a key part of life but it is not symbolic
tooth brush is a part in everyday life but not a symbolic event