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Lecture Eight-Primitives and Moderns?
□“Primitive” or traditional versus Modern
□Modern versus contemporary
□what it means to be primitive and what it means to be modern
□- moral judgment of ppls cultures
□- its coming from an ethnocentric point of view
□-modern and. Contemporary
□-modern to mean now, but in social science it means certain kinds of cultures that have certain ways of
□-modern is the opposite of traditional
□-modern cultures categorized by rational vs. religious beliefs
□-in this day and age use the word contemporary
□-time is teleological. Time is moving towards a goal. We tend to think of our movement as progress. We
are building on the past to be better
□- Past technology was simpler. We image future with sophisticated technology
□-we tend to think that humans become more rational as time progresses
□-where did the idea of linear time as progress come from
□-in the 1800s. Time was religious. Re
□-Religion gave background for time western point of view
□-time began with creation. There will be a time in the future when time will end
□-divided time into ancient time which was time of pharos, then medieval time, then modern time.
□-in the mid 19 th century. Darwin's discovery of evolution made it seem that time was not 4 thousand years
□-the was time before history began
□-there was prehistory. It implies that there was time before literacy.
□-history was what was written down according to Judeo-Christian religion
□-it blew everyone off that we had no writing of pre-history
□-when the European came in contact with ppl that didn't have written history were considered prehistory
therefore they were primitive
□-they were seen as outside of history
□-they were living fossils. Early anthropologists thought that by studying these ppl then we could find out
abt what happened in pre history
□- some started to believe that since they were primitive they needed to be bought into modern time
□-aboriginal means at the origin of time
□-Nostalgia: desire to connect with the past.
Questions about The Couple in a Cage
□What does the exhibit remind you of? Have you ever seen anything like it? Where?