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Lecture

lecture 3

3 Pages
72 Views

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA02H3
Professor
Maggie Cummings

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BIOLOGY, BLOOD, AND BELONGING.
-We all have a biological world view as well. The way we see biology as a part of
our reality North America
-Azawagh Arabs know about biology and the diff. between men and women, but
the natural order of things are explained through God’s will
Social/ Cultural Construction:
S1: defines cultural constructionism and biological determinism
For ex: The diff to explain things like why men have better spatial skills, biological
determinists might try to explain the cause as something genetic, that men have better
spatial skills naturally More access to food, mates..
While social constructionist might say that boys develop spatial skills through
specialized attention towards them while being socialized
*Most anthropologists lean towards SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIONISM
S2: Defines a social construct:
-things in society that seem natural, isn’t actually, it is invented
-we create social constructs through our own choices to reinforce and make real
our own world view
-reality is an ongoing PROCESS knowledge about the world is perceived and
perpetuated through social constructionism.
S3: Gender as a cultural construct
-Sex refers to biological categories M/F det. By genital, chromosomal and
hormonal diff
-Sex is a category that exists in all cultures, that differentiates ppl by gender
-Gender is a social construct. Learned behaviour and ideas attributed to males
and females
S4: Anthropology and Gender
-early days most anthropologists thought male and female dynamics were just the
way it was, and mens live were the centre of attention the norm
-Later on, while analyzing and studying different cultures and how gender was
viewed differently everywhere, anthropologists started to challenge if gender was
really NATURAL?
-Therefore as we know now, GENDER AND SEX do not correlate naturally but
CULTURALLY!
S5: The Sambia of Papua New Guinea
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Description
BIOLOGY, BLOOD, AND BELONGING. - We all have a biological world view as well. The way we see biology as a part of our reality North America - Azawagh Arabs know about biology and the diff. between men and women, but the natural order of things are explained through Gods will Social Cultural Construction: S1: defines cultural constructionism and biological determinism For ex: The diff to explain things like why men have better spatial skills, biological determinists might try to explain the cause as something genetic, that men have better spatial skills naturally More access to food, mates.. While social constructionist might say that boys develop spatial skills through specialized attention towards them while being socialized *Most anthropologists lean towards SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIONISM S2: Defines a social construct: - things in society that seem natural, isnt actually, it is invented - we create social constructs through our own choices to reinforce and make
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