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ANTA02H3 Lecture Notes - Biological Anthropology, Discourse Analysis, Ethnography

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Bianca Dahl

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ANTA02H3 (Fall) 201
Lecture 1 (09/10/12)
Linguistic Anthropology: the study of human language in its context and considering its
impact on the whole human experience. Think of dictionary studies as an example.
Physical Anthropology (Biological anthropology): or the study of humans as physical,
biological beings. Think of human evolution as an example.
Archaeological Anthropology (Archaeology): the study of the material remains of past
people. Think of excavation as an example.
Cultural Anthropology: the study of the lived experiences of human beings anywhere in
the world. Think of ethnography as an example.
Linguistic Anthropology (Language variations, gestures/body language)
-Discourse analysis: term for a number of approaches to analyzing written,
vocal, or sign language use or any significant semiotic event.
19th centuries, colonial powers.
-2 objectives, to convert the people (assimilate) and to observe other cultures
life styles
Before the 20th centuries, anthropologists thought there was a continuum of least civilized
to the most civilized cultures
During the turn of the 20th century, anthropologists decided to observe others directly
Into the 20th century, anthropologists adopted a more interpretive and humanistic approach,
compared to the traditional physical sciences
-Quote from the ppt-
Field work: Method used by anthropologists to observe cultures without becoming
Participant observation: Method used by anthropologists, where they become members
of the culture and observe them
Ethnography: Writing culture
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