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ANTB21H3 Lecture Notes - Language Ideology, Physiognomy, Social Fact

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Alejandro Paz

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ANTB21: Week 8 Race and Ethnicity
* Assignment 5-6 readings including at least one full week reading after midterms.
- how to challenge the seeming natural quality of many social identities
(gender, race, ethnicity, sexuality, etc.)
- i.e. gender biological fact: testosterone VS estrogen
- the performative aspects of social identities;
- how language is used to help achieve them;
- how the complexity of language
What are Race and Ethnicity?
- “core” qualities:
o race (color and physiognomy)
o physiognomy (facial characteristics)
- VS other associated qualities:
o Language
o Interactional behavior (language use)
o Consumption (including food)
o Religion
o Residence patterns
o Dress codes
o Type of work
o Gender roles
o Climate and environment
o Character, etc.
- * all these are signs of race and ethnicity
- race and ethnicity are not given by nature but are complex social facts.
Supposedly natural characteristics are taken as indexes (signs) of a racial or
ethnic essence
- e.g. Key & Peele acting/talking more “black” since they are both half/white
o Ingroup VS outgroup there will be different kinds of indexicality
values and language ideologies
o Erasing the ethnic, racial context “not ‘white’ sound but proper
- Outgroup contexts:
o Threatening, lying, how “they” see “us”, ie. Racialized associated with
negative stereotypes
- Ingroup contexts:
o Anxiety about association with outgroup, PAGE 281 By Bucholtz,
speaking in black styles index ingroup, how “we” see “us”, ie. Signal
boundary and ethnic belonging
- ^ English is associated with administration power and higher status in the
interaction with your i.e. less English fluent mother focus less on minority
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