Class Notes (836,580)
Canada (509,856)
Anthropology (1,596)
ANTA01H3 (417)
Lecture 6

ANTA01 - Lecture 6.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Genevieve Dewar

ANTA01 – Week 6 – October 18, 2012 - We are trying to figure out the in-between from australopithecine to homo Asian, European or African Origins - Darwin & Africa o He was pretty sure people evolved and they had evolved in Africa o Africa because he found that chimps and gorillas were in Africa, where as Orangutans were in Asia o They had an interest to find fossils - Dubois & Java man (The first know homo erectus) o They had an interest to finding the missing link o So they travelled to Asia o The people who went to Asia found part of a skull and a femur of “Java man” - Europe & Piltdown man o Was a hoax bone fragment Olduvai Gorge & Early Homo - Leakey’s Louis and Mary - 7 m below bed ! (2.1 – 1.7 mya) - Dear Boy (OH5+) tools and animal bones - Beds 1 & 11 – Homo habilis - In between form of Australopithecines and Homo Erectus - Studies of hand bones – precision - OH24 “Twiggy” & OH5 “Dear Boy” o Dear Boy has a Sagittal crest o Twiggy does not have a Sagittal crest  Looks more gracile/ graceful Olduvai early Homo compared to Australopithecines - Reduced size of back teeth – but still capable of dealing with rough foods (nuts) - Anterior teeth larger - More generalized Diet and more human- like - No Sagittal crest - Larger brains, - 560 – 650 cc, requiring meat to sustain - Based on teeth and skull more human like Olduvai early Homo compared to Homo erectus - Much smaller brain - Maintains ape body proportions of : o Long arms & short legs - Length of arms suggest arboreal lifestyle? - More primitive Early Homo in South Africa Swartkrans - Member 1 – p robutus - Member 1 & 2 1.5 MYA, -p. robutus and early homo Sterkfontein Member 5 1.5-22MYA, -P robutus, early homo & many stone tools - Some researchers are strong believers that are actually homo erectus others think A. africanus? Who is early Homo? Two species? - Sexual dimorphism or two different species? - Homo habilis (KMN-ER 1813) - Homo rudolffensis (KMN-ER 1470) o Twice the size of KMN-ER1813 Homo rudolensis - Olduvai Gorge and Koobi For a - Rudolfensis may have had more human – like body Would the real ancestor stand up ? - If they were in some ways more primitive than australopithecines? Who was the ancestor of Homo erectus? Homo erectus: first true Homo? - Homo erectus - Truly larger brains - Advanced tool use - Longer legs than arms - Human-like teeth and jaws Oldewan Industry - First at Olduvai Gorge - 7m below Bed 1 (2.1 – 1.7 mya) - Early Homo, P. boisei, Homo erectus - Oldest are 2.5 MYA from Hadar (Where Lucy comes from) - Microscopic wear patterns show they were used for cutting grasses, meeat and wood “Simple tool technology” - Hard hammer - Direct percussion - Least effort strategy to produce sharp edges - Original though – core tools choppers, scrapers - Now – Flakes as sharp edges too Primates and Tool-Use - Tai Forset, Ivory Coast - Hammer and anvil techniques used to crac
More Less

Related notes for ANTA01H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.