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effects of media.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough

The Effect of Media on Socialization  electronic media (TV, cell phones, digital media like video games, social media) are part of life for many Canadian adolescents  when children are watching TV/playing video games, they aren’t socializing in traditional ways  research shows that those who watch more than 2 hours of TV daily are more likely to have attention span difficulties  research has shown the best way for kids to learn language is by interacting with people— several studies have shown that the more a child watches TV, the longer it took them to learn speech  since verbal communication is a key to social development, speech is important socialization  research also shows that the more a child watches TV, the more likely they`ll develop obesity and poor academic skills in late childhood; they were also more likely to be rejected, victimized, teased, and assaulted by their peers  since many teens play video games, these games have the potential to affect the majority of youth—research shows short0term aggression occurs immediately following the playing of violent video games  also, teens are actually social when playing video games (multiplayer games for example) Socialization and Immigration  when a family immigrates to a new country, each member goes through a process of socialization  cross-cultural psychology is a field of psychological research rooted in anthropology—it focuses on aspects of culture, such as the psychological differences between dominant and subdominant cultures, cultural ideas about intelligence, and the effect of culture and environment on perception  the concept of identity/identity-crisis was created by Erik Erikson based on his own immigrant experience; the concept of identity is important to understanding how newcomers establish their sense of self in a new country  an individual can have many identities, in which some overlap:  ego identity—a conscious sense of self developed through social interactions, which is constantly changing  social identity—sense of belonging based on membership in different groups (family, ethnic, occupational) which changes over one’s life  national identity—sense of belonging to a specific country and having shared feelings, regardless of country of origin  cultural/ethnic identity—a connection to a cultural group that helps define who a person is  psychological acculturation is a change in the cultural behaviour and thinking of a person/group of people through contact with another culture  basically the meeting of 2 cultures, and the resulting cultural change to each group  describes the psychological effects than an individual experiences such as changes
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