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chapter 11 notes

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Genevieve Dewar

Chapter 11 Notes N Fossils such as Omo I (195,000 years old) and Herto (165,000years old) are fundamentally modern : they look just like us Comparing the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic N Upper Paleo(Europe): term used for the final phase of the paleo in Europe dating to between 40,000 and 10,000ya, associated with the 1 appearance of anatomically modern humans in Europe N Late Stone Age: final phase of stone age in Africa dating between 40,000 and 10,000ya N Both the Upper paleo and late stone age mean the same thing (equivalent to each other) N Middle Paleo (Europe): term used for the time period in Europe after the lower paleo and before the before the upper paleo, dating between 250,000 and 40,000ya in compassing the cultures of pre modern varieties of human beings, including the Neandertals N Middle Stone Age : the term used for the time period in Africa after the early stone age and before the late stone age, dating to between 250,000 and 40,000ya, encompassing the cultures of pre modern varieties of human beings, including those transitional between pre modern and anatomically modern H. Sapiens N Randall White, has examined some if the major differences between cultures of the European Middle and Upper paleo; his list applies equally well to Africa and Asia. List has 8 steps: 1. Stone tool technologies based on the production of elongated blades rather than flakes Blade production involves significant planning and careful preparation of the stone core in order to maximize both the consistency and number of elongated, sharp- edged tool blanks that are produced from it This blade has more than 5 times the of usable edge ]ZL[L]o}7Z we see the beginning of a systematic movement toward this method of stone tool production Blade-based stone technology developed in western Europe by about 35,000B.P Craving tools called burins Gravettian: an upper paleo tool making tradition, characterized by the production of small and denticulate knives. Dated from 27,000 to 21,000B.P Solutrean: stone tool making tradition of the European Upper paleo, dating from 21,000 to 16,000ya
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