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Bianca Dahl

ANTA02 Lecture 11 Righteous Dopefiend Morality, giftgiving Ethics and Anthropological Engagement  Book focuses on questions of violence degradation, and how to represent these  “ the texts and images we (anthropologists) present to the world are often profoundly disturbing. When we report and write in an intimate way about scenes of violence, genocide, and extreme social suffering, our readers have the right to react with anger and to ask just what we are after?” what violence does to people in extreme vulnerability  indeed what do we want from our audience?  The more frequent and ubiquitous the images of sickness, suffering, and death, the more likely they are to become invisible” the more we see it, the more desensitized we get the more we are exposed to something the more naturalized things are  “Violence’ is a slippery concept that goes beyond physicality to include assaults on self-respect and personhood. The social and cultural dimensions of violence are what give it its force and meaning”  Remember that structural violence = suffering that is “structured by historically given and often economically driven processes and forces that conspire.. to constrain agency”  SV is a “vivid reminder that most violent acts are not deviant. They are defined as moral in the service of conventional norms and material interests. As ethnographers we can best contribute by rendering visible these erased and unexpected linkages between violence, suffering, and power” most violent acts aren’t violent we usually think of domestic violence (direct assault on someone else) h/e there are other violence out there, structural violence (less likely to be questioned) SV more vulnerable to physical violence Ultimate goal of the book  Ethnogrpahy can denaturalize inequality -->question the terms that make inequallity  Expose hidden structures  “make this suffering visible” it is NOT normal. Book is a 2 way street:  takes US political and economic changes as way to illuminate the Edgewater situation  need to understand Edgewater, but also understanding what is happening in the U.S.  also takes Edgewater dopefiends as a lens onto broader Amerivan values and ideologies microcosm, (balinese) -- essay  “Culture clash” between Edgewater moral codes and broader American ideologies of self-help, rational choice, discipline to master addiction edgewater are American, and of different cultural group as well class between self help and idea that in American society if you’re strong enough and individualistic enough you can master any dependency you had with a drug not that they don’t have strength, but they are pointing to way which drug addiction can get in your body and make you do things you would have never did Illogical  to have needle-exchange programs that users can’t actually get to geographically inexcessible  to offer medical care but eject homeless into street with oozing abscesses and no painkillers/bandages no means of keeping wounds clean – repeated theme throughout book  to raze homeless encampments as though making life more uncomfortable will get rid of homelessness make life on street even more uncomfortable, but naïve assumption- make street even harder to live, but that won’t make less homeless people on street  drug users are repeatedly blames for their stat, and they blame themselves too important point – how SV becomes invisible not just haves that make it invisible but also the have nots they have made bad choices Do bourgeois and Schonberg see the Edgewater clan as somehow lesser than they are? view them as equal, tried to learn to be equal (eat and lived with them) rehumanize, see them as human in poverty, still try to better selves American drug policies are what “turn the filthiest nooks and cranniest into the only objectively safe place for the indigent who are physically addicted to heroin to inject” the attitudes against drug use, have lead to further marginalization really trying to engage in other audiences (field notes- what really happened, photos, draw you in, technical stuff, arguments that discuss social science theories Lumpen abuse/ subjectivity  lumpenproletariat: the underclass in capitalism which, finding it impossible to earn a living legitimately, has resorted to illegitimate/illegal means of substance rogue, rabble, rag class – the deep underclass capitalism = unfair to working class, sympathetic to working class, but not to lumpenproletariat (under class, beneath working class) don’t have means to work legitimately not just people that are unemployed  not just the unemployed—this is a way of life, an identity =subjectivity way of life, identity, people that become so unemployed they become unemployable, live in informal, illegitimate environment marx’s theory = proletariat will grow and cause a change, but the lumpen will never become revolutionary the lumpen people are aware of their problems, and know they aren’t going to change society subjectivity= identity that you have taken on and accepted of yourself – other recognize of you, and you accept of self  would you count the status of undocumented/illegal immigrants as a lumpen community? no b/c still try and find work in the workplace, participate in society Intimate apartheid  how racialized antagonisms arise through the closed spaces, forced encounters among different racial groups living on the street not exactly like real apartheid (force segregation in s/ Africa) how racism and prejudice that exist as a whole ties in with street life having to vie with each for resources, food etc Habitus – cultural norms and values that you just adopt  the acquired or learned tastes, sensibilities, dispositions, body practices, ways of comportment, even langue use, ways of being that we have been socialized into with a particular class and soceity  that are associated with everyday life, and held by a particular class and society  Habitus = culture that is “anchored in the body” ex. Being surrounded by posh all your life, and you adopt the accent  How we learn to reproduce power structures and norms and behaviors in our bodies  an embodied form of culture living on the street changes your body, how you act, make them get so much older living on the street abcesses and scars – are habitus in us Agency/structure (freedom/constraint on meaningful social action)  They want to REFUSE th
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