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Lecture 1.docx

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Girish Daswani

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th ANTB20- Monday, January 7 ,2013 Lecture 1: Introductory Lecture What is globalization?  Interconnectedness  hybrid identities  global village  co-operation and interdependence  mobility  open market  cultural expansion  IFI’s  Diasporas  cheap labor  one world economy  WTO’s  Technology  political compromise  exploitation  exchange of cultures  TNC  Structural oppression  Intervention How is globalization linked to culture and politics?  Culture: practices of certain groups of people that they share  People have different cultures  Different Practices: Ex. greeting one – shaking hands, saying hi, fist pumps etc  Politics: strategies and actions that allow you to have political position, and having influence over other people  Personal advancement, relation between groups of ppl in organizations  4 scales of politics: institutions that transcend one nation state -2.government: how gov’t create order and control- through laws and rules bio politics – how you organize and control human beings *individuals are reduced into stats (#’s, surveys, abstract calculations, census) -3.institutional: govt says you can and can’t do this, institutions train you to become a certain type of person that you follow rules not b/c you have to but because you have embodied them disciplinary practice – discipline you to do something ex. Army, Education (school; go into market economy and become something), Marriage, religion (rituals) -4.politics of the self/ technologies of the self: things we take on to ourselves, not forced upon us. They make us into certain types of people ex. Going to certain places everyday to visit people etc (micro-practices, that make you a good human being – makes you happy)  Some definitions  ‘globalization as a concept refers both the compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness about the world as a whole’ –Roland Robertson ('92)  culture isn’t static: but ppl believe you can be encapsulated by a culture  anthropologists like to go beyond that  early on: the assumption that culture can be easily met ex. Africans live in Africa speak of culture with the mapping of place comes within the idea that this is what defines them, what they are  from 1980’s +, anthropology has changed, and no longer viewed ^ that way  highlight the limitation of the culture concept  global construction of differences – difference created through connections  instead of thinking of global and local (whole/part) the whole is made up of the lesser parts we try to understand the whole by analyzing the parts we are more interested in the global, - but what is the global? this idea is too simplistic, so what ant are doing is trying to complicate this key theorist: now cultures are more dynamic  Emilie  Imagined community: mass media, print capitalism (get things in print and read them), have ideas of someone else and read about what is going on somewhere else
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