Lecture 11 Hamdy
the body is being turned into materials for economic exploitation
Marxist analysis exemplifies how the ruling class controls the means of production and thus
exploits the working class by extracting their surplus value of labor.
In modern times the body is stripped of spare parts to extend the lives of affluent few, through the
miracle success of biotechnology and the rise of the neoliberal economy.
Shout the body be treated as collection of a spare pars with price tags within a supply and
demand market model?
Western biomedicine has a long history of modifying human bodies and improving their function
and form through the incorporation of devices, products and extensions.
The trend towards repair and redesign has been fueled by biotechnology, which facilitates the
transplantation of cells, skin and in the last 50 years organs themselves.
The rapid progress of biotechnology creates a high demand of reusable parts turning not only
human cadavers but also livening bodies into a lucrative industry.
Human cadaver is currently worth $230,000 US as about 150 of it’s parts can be used.
The global human bod shop expanding as a byproduct of the scientific endeavor, nonetheless
this trend is highly questionable both ethically and socially.
Waiting list for an organ transplant is increasing more quickly than the legal supply of donors, to
reduce the wait time wealthy recipients create new paths to harvest fresh organs from the bodies
of impoverished populations living densely in developing countries.
The emergence of black market organs – 2 decades ago
Is it right to purchase an organ even if the organ sought to be provided longevity? It the scale of
ones organ a justifiable means of fighting poverty?
Considered a both macroeconomic and macro historical phenomenon, as it is embedded in the
larger system of exchange and extraction across difference of wealth.
The flow of organs follows the modern route of capital from south to north from third world to
first world from poor to rich.
Excoriating poverty forced Abdul Bangladeshi man to sell one of his bodt parts.
He found it through advertisements in newspapers; he couldn’t find a proper receipt than he
finally posted an advertisement in the newspaper.
They promised to bear all expenses for him (his staying, his travelling etc)
Selling the kidney is presented in a win situation, therefore every body can be healthy with only
one kidney with medicine
Even when they experience their fears it doesn’t matter their rich people say things to make them
They told him he could visit a new place an experience new foods,
Established a COMMODIFIED KINSHIP he called abdul his nephew.
He had to get a new name and he had to sign a form that said he would not return to
Bangladesh until he gave away his kidney. He had to lie and say he was the mans nephew
because in Singapore you are not allowed to give away your kidney unless the person is your
The recipient would encourage them by saying this like you are saving a life, a noble act.
Recipients family gave his presents to help the commodified kinship
Abdul went through psychological pressure to hide his scar from his family when his
wife found out he told her to do it too. However he did not escape poverty by selling his kidney, eventually he asked his
recipient father for a job who said he didn’t have any.
He regularly experience medical problems.
Bangladesh serves as an emerging but growing organ bazaar sustain by mostly domestic
and some over seas recipients. There is a law against it but it is still happening
Bangladeshi kidney sellers who are all poor are all victims of structural violence a term
by johan galtung.
This form of violence is silently built into social structures and social institutions that
systematically prevent individuals from achieving their full potential.
Recognized as physical and psychological harm those constraints the social systems.
Social injustice and social machinery of oppression
Once the sellers are recruits buyers cunningly lure them through deception manipulation and
misinformed consent, and then