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Nationalism.docx

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTB21H3
Professor
Dwayne Pare
Semester
Fall

Description
Week 9: Nationalism Nation and Nationalism  Brings up media and what happens when you communicate through it  Brings up issue of globalization….what seems to be an issue in 1 part of global may replicate in other parts What’s a Nation?  What makes nation—common language, particular territory, culture (not enough), religious identification, historical events (remembrance day), shared beliefs, having shared experienced things Haeri on Classical and Egyptian Arabic  Classical Arabic indexes religious leaders speaking in religious context in particular:  People remember the difficult grammar lessons from school with fear and humour  even editor worries that a learned cleric will discover he makes mistakes (knowledge of Islam implied)  Egyptian Arabic indexes the “nation” speaking in everyday contexts:  Used by everyone in their daily lives  Most popular culture (e.g., TV, movies and music) use Egyptian Arabic Standard English in US, historically (Shirley Brice-Heath 1980)  late 18 - early 19 ch  Ambivalence to standardization, see value of dialects  Wanted natural language and not rules from Latin or Greek  Still some rules needed, but only if come from spoken language  mid 19 cth  Expansion of US, increasing literacy, increasing immigration  Spread of school system and print media  Increasing emphasis on standardization of language as means to maintain stability of nation,  Later as direct means of assimilating immigrants Nation  Both example of Egypt and US standard register point to communication at a very large scale:  Not every member of a nation can be present at once  Not every member of a nation will get to know every other member  However, speaking in the same way, or participating in the same kinds of communicative events, helps to index and performatively achieve a national identity  (Obama inauguration) –large scale rituals….to participate in national experience (key ritual)  If not there in person you were still part of it as you can watch in on TV…  Large scale---still affects a person even if not involved or care Imagining a Nation, Imagining Community (Anderson -Old languages, new models)  Sense of being united as one and that sense is not always present  Face to face (small scale) communities NB: “Imagined” here does not mean “not real” or “fantasy”  Reading mediatized texts like newspapers and novels is a practice that allows for readers to experience national community: everyone does it  Everyone does it, but that doesn’t mean at necessarily the same time nor in the same place: not co- presence  However, despite lack of co-presence, there is still a sense of simultaneity in national community  Not impo
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