ANTB21 – Week 12: Finishing power and Review
Review session – April 24 , Tuesday 10-12pm.
Final exam – April 28 , 9-10:30 MW 170.
1. 2 aspects of power – coercion and consent = shaping the trajectory (what will
2. standard – officially-authorized register = correct/more efficient
3. racial and class characteristics of standard
- standard or marked = from CIBC advertising campaign: expands on who
can fit in the standards
- dual process of unmarking in north America
o less marked = acquiring certain styles and associating with it
o check slide*
4. there are two tendencies for using language as groups distinguish themselves
and institutions (centripetal and centrifugal forces)
5. sociolinguistic variation is a dynamic process by which language changes as
it is used
power and sociolinguistic variation
- centripetal and centrifugal forces = moving away and moving towards a
certain arch both at the same time. subgroups in every society on how
- powerful institutions, actors help move these subgroups towards the
norm while they tend move away from it sometimes *
- we orient to this kind of way speaking you grew up talking in this way.
- e.g. new yawkez pronouncing – aw, garden, park, sort, etc.
- socioeconomic indicators (class background) and pronunciation of r
= positively correlated: low socio. Pronounces r far less while high
socio. Pronounces r more.
= Incredible variation in new york in regards of pronunciation of r, but
everyone is still oriented to the standard
= related to speaking –ing in formal environment VS –in’ in more
= new york accent became associated with immigration VS western
accent – pure white
- accent – ideological term of speaking the non-standard way *
- moving away from the normal – powerful institutions, actors, etc. who
push you in acting/talking in certain way/creates and recreates social
- E.g. Key and Peele – dialing it up to ‘scare’ certain people and not dialing it
up to not be part of out group society
1 - There’s a limit to what language you use in association with certain social
identity = e.g. tony soprano example = moving away and towards the
certain style (therapeutically) at the same time.
o Related to immigrants today – they have to speak in certain style
of language because of powerful institutions, etc. but the
centrifugal brings you back
- Can be seen in a lot of immigrants today
o Discrimination in workplace – rosina lippi-green example (article)
o Accent – in courts, workplace, etc.
Dustbin category – includes all technical meanings, more
general and subjective one,
How the other (marked) speaks
Identification of geographic or social outsiders
Ideological term for difference from some standard
Perceived your own speech in a specific standard
Depends on the context, environment, etc.
- accent in case of Professour Hou, refused promotion