Class Notes (808,123)
Canada (493,018)
Anthropology (1,560)
ANTB21H3 (32)


3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Toronto Scarborough
Alejandro Paz

ANTB21 – Week 12: Finishing power and Review Review session – April 24 , Tuesday 10-12pm. Final exam – April 28 , 9-10:30 MW 170. Review: 1. 2 aspects of power – coercion and consent = shaping the trajectory (what will emerge, etc.) 2. standard – officially-authorized register = correct/more efficient 3. racial and class characteristics of standard - standard or marked = from CIBC advertising campaign: expands on who can fit in the standards - dual process of unmarking in north America o less marked = acquiring certain styles and associating with it o check slide* 4. there are two tendencies for using language as groups distinguish themselves and institutions (centripetal and centrifugal forces) 5. sociolinguistic variation is a dynamic process by which language changes as it is used power and sociolinguistic variation - centripetal and centrifugal forces = moving away and moving towards a certain arch both at the same time.  subgroups in every society on how they speak - powerful institutions, actors help move these subgroups towards the norm while they tend move away from it sometimes * - we orient to this kind of way speaking  you grew up talking in this way. - unconsciously Sociolinguistic variation - e.g. new yawkez pronouncing – aw, garden, park, sort, etc. - socioeconomic indicators (class background) and pronunciation of r = positively correlated: low socio. Pronounces r far less while high socio. Pronounces r more. = Incredible variation in new york in regards of pronunciation of r, but everyone is still oriented to the standard = related to speaking –ing in formal environment VS –in’ in more casual environment = new york accent became associated with immigration VS western accent – pure white - accent – ideological term of speaking the non-standard way * - moving away from the normal – powerful institutions, actors, etc. who push you in acting/talking in certain way/creates and recreates social identities. - E.g. Key and Peele – dialing it up to ‘scare’ certain people and not dialing it up to not be part of out group society 1 - There’s a limit to what language you use in association with certain social identity = e.g. tony soprano example = moving away and towards the certain style (therapeutically) at the same time. o Related to immigrants today – they have to speak in certain style of language because of powerful institutions, etc. but the centrifugal brings you back - Can be seen in a lot of immigrants today o Discrimination in workplace – rosina lippi-green example (article) o Accent – in courts, workplace, etc.  Dustbin category – includes all technical meanings, more general and subjective one,  How the other (marked) speaks  Identification of geographic or social outsiders  Ideological term for difference from some standard  Perceived your own speech in a specific standard  Depends on the context, environment, etc. - accent in case of Professour Hou, refused promotion
More Less

Related notes for ANTB21H3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.