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Lecture 3

ANTC61 Lecture 3.pdf

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Peter Skrivanic

Lecture 3Wednesday January 26 2011215 PMSocial and Symbolic Aspects of bodyEarly theoristsEmile Durkheim Man is doubleWe have an individual bodyself individual and we also have a social bodyThe body is a vessel for social meanings they are marked through their participation in a particular societyThey are also projected outwards as a model of societyThis outward projection makes our social arrangements seem natural head of sateRobert Hertz the preeminence of the right handHertz investigated the privileges accorded socially to the right hand We can make a biological argument for righthanded utility but the privileges are cultural righthand man The left hand supports the right sinister comes from leftThere are also clean and dirt associations with right and left handedness ie South IndiaA lefthanded complement in English is an insult Dexterity comes from Latin for right sinister comes from leftThere are structural dichotomies where the righthand is favored and the left hand is not trainedMarcel Mauss techniques of the bodyMost bodily habits are not just idiosyncratictheyre the result of socialization The training remains implicit after it has ended For example learning to sit on a chair makes it hard to learn how to sit on the kneePerceiving the body culturallyBody image collective attitudes beliefs feelings and fantasies about our bodies and the way we learn to integrate and organize bodilyexperiences It is both how our conceptual models of the body are elaborated and our experiences as a body are culturally mediatedBeliefs aboutIdeal shape and size surface and coverings of the bodyBinding of feet in China cosmetic surgery circumcision tattooPerspectives on obesityWhite coatpure doctors statusNotions of modesty being stripped of your clothes and getting a gown at a hospitalBodily boundaries not always coterminous with the physical body may include clothes housePersonal space among middle class AmericansSymbolic skins extension of bodyClan systemfamilyInterior structure and functionHum
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