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Biological Sciences
Course Code
Zachariah Campbell

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BIOC62-LECTURE TWO WILDLIFE IN ZOOS AND THE ROLE ZOOS PLAY  710 acres, nature reserve  hidden/invisible zoo, the part of the zoo that people do not know or always hear about, may not be fully aware of it  we are losing contact with nature, if people are not interested in nature, then people will not work to preserve it  our nature environment is becoming extinct since we have urban development  stewardship, protect and work/manage wildlife areas we can reduce the way things become extinct  species survival plan, want to preserve 90% of the wild genes and target 100 years or more, and for each species there is a population management center  living specimens, allowing people to see them makes them more interested  John Muir 1838-1914; population and environmental issues  Management of wildlife, sometimes we have over population, sometimes they are in captivity because they are on the verge of extinction  There are things that we can do such as restoring and old growth forest, that has been clear cut, you will not get it 100% back but you can restore it  Osprey, sand hill cranes, bald eagle all things that we can fix by working with the animals  Animals that are in captivity we also must do something for them in the field  They send funds which support DNA data so we know how many individuals there are  For the zoo you must engage people, it is a real challenge to get peoples attention, want people to love, respect the wild life but also wild spaces  Create interactive things such as meet the keeper, like to talk to volunteers, interactive things  300 exhibits, 500 species, 6000 specimens  net budget 45 000 000, with everything else such as restaurant, attractions, etc looking at about 11 000 000 million  biodiversity is a major goal, fish can be born, all kinds of young can die, you need to be able to control disease, usually the invertebrates and lower species that fluctuate throughout the zoo  laywa conservation project:  zoos get NGO, WWF, and private grants  zoos raise money outside the tax dollars  leading edge green programs: Toronto zoo green plan, environmental management programs, polar bear chiller, geothermal system, solar energy, ECO executives, green roofs  Human induced climate change is real, and we are all responsible for eliminating GHG emissions  AZA Species Survival Plan Programs: need to show that you are doing something for this species in the wild, and have the money to support this animal that is to come in  Grevys zebra: almost wiped out in the wild, support the Grevys Zebra trust  How to integrate technology into the zoo environment  In captivity you can mass produce species  MEDIA IS A HUGE CONTRIBUTOR  Standards that govern zoo animal facilities such as WAZA etc HUGE DISCONNECT BETWEEN PEOPLE AND NATURE  Major problem is knowing where to put your money in education at the zoo  What is worth while and what works the best  Native reserves are the most bio-diverse regions in Ontario  Toronto zoo keep getting more grants, and culturally as well  It is very hard to convince people that we need to protect things such as rattlesnakes  IUCN Lecture #4 Midterm is 5-7 the Monday after reading week  Tom mason  Karner blue butterfly, was lost in 1991, and a recovery team was created in 1992  Depends on government funding, disappeared from most of its range  Gone from a sub species to a valid species  Also have to deal with the US government to get it into the country  Eastern loggerhead shrike, very tough bird species that is going extinct, recovery program in 1997, we have 22 pairs in 2011, have been doing captive breeding in 1998  10% of the wild population comes from wild captive birds  we do not know where they go during the
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