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Lecture

CHMB41, LEC2 Notes, 2012, Sauer


Department
Chemistry
Course Code
CHMB41H3
Professor
Effiette Sauer

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What is Organic Chemistry?
Chemistry
> 60% of all chemicals
Chemicals of life!
Organic
Carbon
Inorganic
(everything else)
- can broadly divide all chem's
into 2 cate's: inorgo, orgo
ORGO
- C-based
INORGO
- virtually eth else that
does not have C

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What is Organic Chemistry?
Carbon is unique
Easily bonds with itself to form chains and complex
structures
phenanthrene
nanotubes
fullerene
>60% known
chem's have
C
- b/c it is
good at
forming
bonds w/
itself, can
form
complex
structures
based on C
- unlike most
ele's, C is v.good
at forming bonds
w/ itself

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The “Organic” Periodic Table
Organic molecules are carbon-based
Almost always contain hydrogen
Frequently also contain one or more heteroatoms (not
C or H) such as O, N, Cl, Br, I, F, P, S, B, Si
Gives rise to the “organic” periodic table:
- all orgo molec's
almost always
have H as well
- heteroatoms -
any atom on orgo
molec that is NOT
C or H
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