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Lecture 12

Lecture 12 Notes

9 Pages
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Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLAA06H3
Professor
Jessica Higgins

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6-Apr-11
CLAA06
Lecture 12
Livy (titus livius)
History of Rome
begins with the birth of Romulus and Remus
Rhea Silvia- vestal virgin
when RS got pregnant with Mars’ son, her uncle Amulius wanted to leave them to be
exposed
the river was flooding
those who were supposed to leave them, just left them out on the shore in a dry puddle
a she-wolf finds them and suckles them until a shepherd Faustulus who gives them to his
wife, names Larentia—some ppl think she was actually a prostitute
R and R are raised by the shepherd and his wife
when they grew up, they became great hunters—hunt animals and then robbers and give
what they stole among the poor shephers
one day they are captured by robbers and are brought to A
A geives themt o their grandfather N (RS’ son), together they make a plan to take back
the throne
once N has his throne
R and R decide to go and found their own colony
they do what Romans later did when they need answer—no oraclethey take auspices
looking for signs in the flight of birds
they did this on hills
Remus is the first to receive a sign—7 vultures
as soon as he sees this, Rom sees 14 vultures
www.notesolution.com
6-Apr-11
therefore, both are seen as founders of the city
both start building their walls
Remus jumps over Romulus’ pomerium (border); Rom kills Rem
when Rom finishing building wall= Rome is founded
now they need to populate it
they take the Sabine women-- **SEE TEXT**
Apotheosis of Romulus
long war with the Sabines
Romulus holds an assembly—a cloud comes down from heaven, envelops him and then
he disappears
everyone there believed that he became a god
so the Romans started worshipping him as a numin- called him QUIRINUS-spirit of
military and economic strength
APOTHEOSIS= PROCESS OF BECOMING A GOD
The seven kings of rome/ the etruscans
traditional foundation date of Rome= 753BCE probably not correct
Kings of Romano-Sabine descent=
Kings of Etruscan descent=
Etruria=modern-day Tuscany
probably werent indo-european
Tarquin the Elder- murdered by the sons of the formed Romano-Sabine King, because
they thought they should rightly have the sign; however another E took over after
www.notesolution.com
6-Apr-11
Servius Tullius- son of the servant women of the king; married the daughter of the dead
king and had two daughters, both called Tullia (I and II)
the first Tullia was the wicked one, having affair with her brother in law, she urges himto
kill his brother and her sister, he deos this and they kill the kill too
now her husband, Tarquin the Proud is the king
horrible king, uses his subjects to get riches, does not give back—Roman hatred to sole
rule
Lucretias Story and the banishment of the kigns
roman army=aristocratic young men
T the P is the king, son is Sextus Tarquin—he is one of the army men
all of them are bragging about their wives
decide to pop in on their wives just to see what they are doing
only Lucretia (wife of Tarquin Collatinus) was not behaving badly, she was at home
spinning wool, when the group of young men saw her, they were impressed
Sextus falls in love with her
nights later, S goes to her house, she threatens her with a “sword”
L refuses him at first, but hen threaten to kill slave and to make up a story about her
having an affair with the slave and him having to kill slave to protect honour
so she sleeps with him and is upset
next day she calls her husband and family and tells them what happened and then kills
herself in front of them
Brutus takes the dagger and swears to put an end to the king fo Rome
kills king and family and institues Republic
two consuls per year, oversee the senate, not full power
senate controls rome
romans called their state the res publica=public matters or “public affair”= public govt
www.notesolution.com

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Description
6-Apr-11 CLAA06 Lecture 12 Livy (titus livius) History of Rome begins with the birth of Romulus and Remus Rhea Silvia- vestal virgin when RS got pregnant with Mars son, her uncle Amulius wanted to leave them to be exposed the river was flooding those who were supposed to leave them, just left them out on the shore in a dry puddle a she-wolf finds them and suckles them until a shepherd Faustulus who gives them to his wife, names Larentiasome ppl think she was actually a prostitute R and R are raised by the shepherd and his wife when they grew up, they became great huntershunt animals and then robbers and give what they stole among the poor shephers one day they are captured by robbers and are brought to A A geives themt o their grandfather N (RS son), together they make a plan to take back the throne once N has his throne R and R decide to go and found their own colony they do what Romans later did when they need answerno oraclethey take auspices looking for signs in the flight of birds they did this on hills Remus is the first to receive a sign7 vultures as soon as he sees this, Rom sees 14 vultures www.notesolution.com
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