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Lecture 5

Lecture 5 - Myths of the Female Deities and Myths of Fertility

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Classical Studies
Vichi Ciocani

Lecture 5Myths of the Female Deities and Myths of FertilityWednesday February 08 2012 208 PM SelfEvaluative Questions 1 Who were Eros parents Ares and Aphroditeor a primordial god principle of sexual attraction without parents from the generation of Chaos 2 What was so unusual about Hermes stealing the cattle of Apollo Hermes was an innocent baby gods are presented as powerful and able to express their clear attributes right from birth 3 Is there a relation between the words herm and hermeneutics Both words are related to the god Hermes Herm was a stone decorated with Hermes head and genitals and used to mark property and boundaries while hermeneutics is the theory of interpretation of linguistic or nonlinguistic signs crossing the border between signifier and meaning Hermes most important attribute was that of crossing borders especially between the three realms gods Olympus humans earth and the Underworld4 Who invented the panpipes According to Ovids Metamorphoses Pan after chasing the nymph Syrinx Syrinx metamorphosis into reeds made Pan so sad that he cut the reeds in unequal lengths and stitched them together he played the panpipes in a sorrowful tune recalling the nymph he desired or according to the Homeric Hymn to Hermes Hermes invented the panpipes after offering his lyre to Apollo 1 Virgin goddesses ARTEMIS ATHENA HESTIA Fertility goddesses DEMETER APHRODITE CYBELE 2 DIONYSUS Artemis Roman DianaOriginally a fertility goddess from Asia MinorOften represented with wild animals potnia theronmistress of the animals similarly to Cybele a Phrygian mothergoddessThe VIRGIN goddess and the HUNTRESSEphesus a city in Asia Minor dedicated to ArtemisSt Paul in the Acts 1928 mentions the Ephesians veneration for Artemis Great is Artemis of the Ephesians
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