GASB58- Class 8.docx

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22 Apr 2012
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GASB58 Class 8
WEEK 8: THE SINO JAPANESE WAR, 1937-1945
JAPANS RISE TO AN IMPERIAL POWER 1876-1910
- Unequal Treaty with Korea, 1876
- Abolition of Foreign Extraterritoriality, 1894
- The Sino-Japanese War 1894-95
- Anglo-Japanese Alliance, 1902
- The Russo-Japanese War 1904-05
- Annexation of Korea, 1910
JAPANESE IMPERIALISM, 1911-1930
- 1911: Revolution in China and the Collapse of the Last Imperial Dynasty in China; Period of Warlords,
1912-1930
- 1915: 21 Demands on China
- 1919: The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles
- 1919: Rising Nationalism in East Asia: Student demonstration in Korea (March) and China (May 1919)
- 1921: The Washington Treaty System
- 1924: Japanese Exclusion Act
- Social Unrest, economic depression, weak party system in Japan
- 1920-30s: Rise of Ultra-nationalism and Militarism
“JAPAN IS READY TO FIGHT THE WORLD
Editorial, Japan Advertiser, Oct. 20, 1930,
- “The true nature of the League of Nations has been revealed. It is nothing but an agency of illicit intercourse
between Europe and America, and its paramount object is to establish despotism of the white race….”
- “The World, after all, is now Japan’s enemy. It is the desire of other nations to check Japan’s natural
development. To Japan, therefore, the rest of the world is unnecessary. The Unites States, especially, is most
obnoxious to us…. If the world, with America at its center, stands against Japan, Japan will be glad to meet
it in a suitable manner.”
THE SINO-JAPANESE WAR IN THE MAKING 1931- 37
- The Mukden (Manchurian) Incident, Sept 18, 1931
- The Xi’an Incident- Zhang Xueliang 张学良and Jiang Jieshi 蒋介石, Dec. 1936
- formed the “Second United Front” against the Japanese, early 1937
- The Marco Polo (Lugou 卢沟桥) Bridge Incident, July 7, 1937
- Start of the (Second) Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945)
THE SINO-JAPANESE WAR, 1937-45: FIRST PHASE OF THE SINO-JAPANESE WAR UNTIL LATE 1938
- July 7, 1937: The Marco Polo Bridge Incident
- Used as a pretext for the Japanese to use more brutal ways
- Start of the Anti-Japanese war that lasted from 1937-1945
- The Battle of Shanghai
- Dec. 12, 1937, the fall of Nanjing and Nanjing Massacre
- Removal of the Capital to Chongqing
- April 1938: Chinese Victory at Tai’erzhuang 台儿庄, Led by Li Zongren 李宗仁
- Oct. 1938: Wuhan and then Guangzhou Fell to the Japanese
- Dec. 1938: Wang Jingwei 汪精卫 Established a Puppet Regime in Nanjing
THE CCP AT YANAN DURING THE SINO-JAPANESE WAR
- Mao Zedong’s Leadership
- Ideological Campaign:
- Mao Zedong’s works: “On the New Stage”, “The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party”
and “On New Democracy”
- Yan’an, Capital of the Shan-Gan-Ning Border Region. The 8th Route Army in the North, and New 4th Army
in the South (Jiangxi)
- Japanese “Three-All” Policy—“Kill All, Burn All, and Loot All”
- Shift of Balance of Power between the CCP and the Nationalists
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