October 4th 2011
Manufactured Landscapes – Movie
Labour intensive – parts of the world where there is cheap labor (rural
Factories much more global in their distribution. (Ex: China)
Questions – Lecture Topics
Why are NIKEs made in Canada?
Why manufacturing systems local in scale?
What new patterns of economic activity has this produced?
How has this affected local and regional economies and societies?
Q1 and Q2
Increased locational flexibility in time and space
o From Fordism to Post-fordism, from spatially fixed to spatially
dispersed assembly line.
o Items not all from China.
o Assembly line isn’t just what is being assembled in that area. May
be coming from another part of Asia.
Global scale spatial separation of manufacturing operations.
Global outsourcing of material and components.
Results in Global production and marketing chains controlled by TNC’s
*Read Crewe article on fashion commodity chain (consumer)
Who controls this? Transnational corporations
o (Generally able to operate on a global scale)
Supply and Commodity Chains
The network of facilities and distribution capabilities an enterprise uses to:
o “Source” or “procure” raw materials (chemicals, grains) or
o Transform the materials or assemble the components into
o Deliver the products to customers (indirectly through