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GGRA02H3 (122)
Lecture 7

lecture 7

2 Pages
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Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRA02H3
Professor
Michael Bunce

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L07
Spatial unevenness
1. power of principle of comparative advantage
- some places are more attractive than others
- locational advantages
2. tourism product cycle
- less money to spend on luxuries/optional expenditures, fewer/shorter trips
3. competition for least cost locations
4. Changing tourist tastes and behaviours
- supplemented by alternative places
Tourism and sustainable development
- not as educated
Can tourism form the basis of sustainable development?
Æ
foreign investment, but also foreign control and profit
- travel companies in the North
- still controls the money generated from investment
- forms in taxes and wages, rest goes back to the headquarters (leakage)
Æ
creates new employment but what kinds of jobs?
- is it the type of employment that will generate enough income for spending
in consumer goods
- taxes to support public services
Æ
builds infrastructure but increases local costs
- facilities (water/sewage treatment) that tourists need, locals will benefit as
well
- but will increase local taxes
- increased income may be consumed quickly in exchange for better services
Æ
environmental sustainability?
- depends on the type of tourism, environment entered
Teo and Li
- look at the way in which tourism affects a particular place
- and how its effects transforms the villa into an oriental Disneyland
Æ
tourist landscapes are not fixed they evolve
Æ
depends on purpose
Judd
- tourism has a production/commodity chain (industry)
The Global Development Project
(concentrations of wealth and spreads of
poverty)
Æ
Does all this economic globalization lead to global development?
- whether it raises the standards of living
- personal/social freedom
- trade regulations -- protectionism (from cheap imports from elsewhere)
- remoteness
- resource endowments
- political stability
- cultural values
Æ
What does development mean?
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Description
L0 7 Spatial un evenn ess 1. power of principle of com parat ive advantage - som e places are more attrac tive than others - locational advantages 2. tourism product cycle - less money to spend on luxuriesoptional expenditures, fewershort er trips 3. comp etition for least cost locations 4. Changing tourist tastes and behaviours - suppleme nted by alternative places Touri sm and sust ainable developm ent - not as educated Can tourism form the basis of sustainable development? fore ign investment, but also fore ign control and prof it - trav el com panies in the Nort h - still controls the mo ney generated from investmen t - form s in taxes and wages, rest goes back to the headquart ers (leakage) creates new emp loymen t but what kinds of jobs? - is it the type of employmen t that will generate enough income for spending in consumer good s - taxes to suppo rt public services builds infrastructure but increases local costs - facilities (w
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