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1. power of principle of comparative advantage
- some places are more attractive than others
- locational advantages
2. tourism product cycle
- less money to spend on luxuries/optional expenditures, fewer/shorter trips
3. competition for least cost locations
4. Changing tourist tastes and behaviours
- supplemented by alternative places
Tourism and sustainable development
- not as educated
Can tourism form the basis of sustainable development?
foreign investment, but also foreign control and profit
- travel companies in the North
- still controls the money generated from investment
- forms in taxes and wages, rest goes back to the headquarters (leakage)
creates new employment but what kinds of jobs?
- is it the type of employment that will generate enough income for spending
in consumer goods
- taxes to support public services
builds infrastructure but increases local costs
- facilities (water/sewage treatment) that tourists need, locals will benefit as
- but will increase local taxes
- increased income may be consumed quickly in exchange for better services
- depends on the type of tourism, environment entered
Teo and Li
- look at the way in which tourism affects a particular place
- and how its effects transforms the villa into an oriental Disneyland
tourist landscapes are not fixed they evolve
depends on purpose
- tourism has a production/commodity chain (industry)
The Global Development Project
(concentrations of wealth and spreads of
Does all this economic globalization lead to global development?
- whether it raises the standards of living
- personal/social freedom
- trade regulations -- protectionism (from cheap imports from elsewhere)
- resource endowments
- political stability
- cultural values
What does development mean?