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Lecture 3

GGRA03 Lecture 3: GGRA03 WEEK 3

Course Code
Andre Sorensen

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20th century planning/ transforma!on of urban environments
Solu!on to city problems:
Municipal infrastructure
More power for municipal governments
Public investments- be*er water supply, cleaning sewers, schools, libraries etc.
Riddance of corrup!on
Municipality provides more infrastructure-roads, parks, transit
Be*er accoun!ng systems
Urban parks movement
Societal ac!vists push towards city planning and their priori!es EX: urban parks movement
Very li*le people go to school, lack of social buildings- parks, libraries,
Purpose of movement to relocate children into parks for play; get them o4 the street etc.
Open up green spaces in ci!es-fresh air, simulates nature good for people EX: Central park
Parks and open space
Riverside Chicago- one of the 7rst planned suburbs curved roads, parks
Public transit
Transit allows city to expand, before advanced transit ci!es were high density
Electric streetcars-allowed cheap transit for all types of classes
EX: Toronto 1890 private railroad company (TRC) refused to extend city lines bought out by
the cityTTC extends throughout Toronto suburbs
Public ac!on vs regula!on of private investment
Regula!on of private investment necessary to keep city problems down
EX: bylaws regulated building materials to prevent 7res, apartments need windows, toilets
Zoning allowed for smart planning of di4erent types of buildings in a certain area di4
regula!ons in a speci7c area, factories only, houses only, etc.
Municipal bylaws allowed ci!es to zone areas of land
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