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Lecture 8

GGRC45H3 - Week 11, Lecture 8 Notes (March 23, 2011) (Min-Jung Kwak, Winter 2011)

12 Pages
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Department
Geography
Course Code
GGRC45H3
Professor
Min- Jung Kwak

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Symphony Kwong (996285096)
GGRC45H3 t Week 11, Lecture 8, Lecture Notes
Gentrification, Difference, and the Costs of the Creative City
Wednesday, March 23, 2011
1
GGRC45H3 t Week 11, Lecture 8, Lecture Notes
Gentrification, Difference, and the Costs of the Creative City
Wednesday, March 23, 2011
Lecture Outline
- what is gentrification?
- why does gentrification happen?: 2 views
- creative cities
- costs of the creative city
- challenging gentrification
What is Gentrification?
- ^Z]vÀuv}(µv(}Zµ}(u}((oµvo]vo_
(Hackworth & Rekers, 2009, 213)
- ^Pv](]]}v]Pvou(}Z]Ào}(ÁoZ]}o]vvÆ]]vP
urban district, a related increase in rents and property values, and changes in
Z]][Zvµoµ_
(Grant 2003)
- all definitions are limited and incomplete
- second definition is probably better to work with, as it
- racial inequalities map very well with wealth inequalities
- (image, left) Chicago, (image, right) challenging against gentrification
- importance of context to determine and understand the involvement of culture
www.notesolution.com
Symphony Kwong (996285096)
GGRC45H3 t Week 11, Lecture 8, Lecture Notes
Gentrification, Difference, and the Costs of the Creative City
Wednesday, March 23, 2011
2
Why Does Gentrification Happen? Cultural Approaches
- key thinker: David Ley
- ^v]PZ}µZ}}Pv](Ç]u]oÇµv(v
ZÀZvP_
(Hackworth & Rekers, 213)
x noteworthy as taste and preferences more than just money t imagination (i.e. what kind of
neighbourhood you see yourself living in)
- coA^u}vÇoµµ_
- role of identity (race, gender, class, sexuality, nation)
x ]uPUuPÌ]vW^]oo}}olM_
¾ power relations: although diversity is highly advertised, question of who determines this
diversity, and how much is allowed
- emphasis on consumption side
- ](}^]À]Ç_µo}^µ]Ç_
- question: is it just a matter of diluting? is it beneficial for everyone?
x ÁZ]Z]PZ}µoÇ]vU]]v}µ]}v}(}Z^]À]Ç_uv}(
]vP^]_uixture?
Why Does Gentrification Happen? Critical Economic Approaches
- key thinker: Neil Smith
- focus on production side
x not just what consumers want, but how certain neighbourhoods are seen by firms and companies as
potential areas for investments
x and how those areas become available
- rent gap theory
x ]]vÀuv(}uvo]Çuv]vv]Ç}Ç]v[Pv]vP
much profit as it could
x reinvestment targets areas with highest untapped potential
x Z]^vP_Pµ]]
- inner city areas that are dense, closely connected to downtown, where people work, where people
need to access t could potentially generate high income
- thus could potentially construct infrastructure in that area t only if there is that demand by people
www.notesolution.com
Symphony Kwong (996285096)
GGRC45H3 t Week 11, Lecture 8, Lecture Notes
Gentrification, Difference, and the Costs of the Creative City
Wednesday, March 23, 2011
3
Bringing Cultural and Economic Approaches Together
- ^]]]u}vv}}]PvµoµµZ]]Z}uooÇ}Pv]}
completely µ}v}u}µU]vZ}µ]}v}(µvov_
(Hackworth & Rekers, 213)
- land values reflect social and cultural values (e.g. redlining)
- culture and economics, money and status work together to produce
gentrification
- Neil Smith, David Ley as opposing teams
- debates came to a consensus that culture and economics go together t i.e. where culture is located,
depends what affordable area one is capable of achieving
- essentially cannot discuss solely culture and economics, as they work off each other
Creative Cities
- key thinkers: Richard Florida
- ^P]}vZ}v}]À]ÇYo}Á]vP}(ovÇ
nationality, race, ethnicity and sexual orientation than those that remain
o]ÀoÇo}_
(Cities and the Creative Class, 2005, 91)
- ^Zv}(o]ÀoÇoPPÇ}µo]}vY(µv]}v]Pvo]v]}
of a region that is open to various other groups_ (94)
- diversity and creativity are good for capitalism,
- ^Z]}o]}vZP}Á]Z}ovU]vv}À]}vUv}(]Y_
- ^PÇ]vÆ_W looking at percentage of gay couples living in a city or area, could determine the financial
and creativity or area
- cities that are more tolerant, are able to attract more creative and innovative people
Images
- concern of brain drain, so cities will lose competitiveness amongst other cities
- attracting talent mean embracing diversity
- though this also raises questions of scarcity
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Symphony Kwong (996285096) GGRC45H3 J Week 11, Lecture 8, Lecture Notes Gentrification, Difference, and the Costs of the Creative City Wednesday, March 23, 2011 GGRC45H3 J Week 11, Lecture 8, Lecture Notes Gentrification, Difference, and the Costs of the Creative City Wednesday, March 23, 2011 Lecture Outline - what is gentrification? - why does gentrification happen?: 2 views - creative cities - costs of the creative city - challenging gentrification What is Gentrification? - ^Z]LZKL}LZ }ZZ}K}oL o]Lo_ (Hackworth & Rekers, 2009, 213) - ^2L]] ]}L]Z2LoK}Z]o}oZ]}o]LL]Z]L2 urban district, a related increase in rents and property values, and changes in Z]Z] [Z Z L o_ (Grant 2003) - all definitions are limited and incomplete - second definition is probably better to work with, as it - racial inequalities map very well with wealth inequalities - (image, left) Chicago, (image, right) challenging against gentrification - importance of context to determine and understand the involvement of culture 1 www.notesolution.com Symphony Kwong (996285096) GGRC45H3 J Week 11, Lecture 8, Lecture Notes Gentrification, Difference, and the Costs of the Creative City Wednesday, March 23, 2011 Why Does Gentrification Happen? Cultural Approaches - key thinker: David Ley - ^L]2Z}Z}}Z2L]]K]o ZZZLL Z Z ZL2_ (Hackworth & Rekers, 213) N noteworthy as taste and preferences more than just money J imagination (i.e. what kind of neighbourhood you see yourself living in) - coZZ)^K}LoZZZ_ - role of identity (race, gender, class, sexuality, nation) N ]K27K2]L9^Z]oo}}o lM_ power relations: although diversity is highly advertised, question of whormines this diversity, and how much is allowed - emphasis on consumption side - Z]}^]Z]_oZ}^Z ]_ - question: is it just a matter of diluting? is it beneficial for everyone? N Z]ZZ]2Zo}o ]L 7]Z]L} ]}L}}Z^]Z]_KLZ} ]L2^Z]_Kixture? Why Does Gentrification Happen? Critical Economic Approaches - key thinker: Neil Smith - focus on production side N not just what consumers want, but how certain neighbourhoods are seen by firms and companies as potential areas for investments N and how those areas become available - rent gap theory N ]Z]LZKL}K Lo ]KLZ]LL ]}]ZL[2L]L2Z much profit as it could N reinvestment targets areas with highest untapped potential N Z]Z^L2_2]ZZ]Z - inner city areas that are dense, closely connected to downtown, where people work, where people need to access J could potentially generate high income - thus could potentially construct infrastructure in that area J only if there is that demand by people 2 www.notesolution.com
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