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Lecture

Interconnection Part 2


Department
History
Course Code
HISA04H3
Professor
Natalie Rothman

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Lecture 9: Interconnections II Travelers, Missionaries, and Merchants
Ways of trade and goods/communities facilitated diff. Types of connections and
movement of ideas and objects
Cross-cultural trade, material aspects when why that underlie these trades
HOW MEDIEVAL PIETY AND PROFIT CONNECTED DISTANT PLACERS AND
FOSTERED LONG-DISTANCE TRADE AND CROSS-CULTURAL
INTERACTIONS [THEME]
CHINA AND ROME
Intensified in middle ages, long-distance trade
Diff. Ecological zones, all regions
Linked distant societies, China and roman empires on separate points on Silk Road
First products where the only thing that was traded caravans: masses of ppl
moving in land-locked areas moving goods full fledged Afro-Eurasian network
Conquest of 7th century Arab conquest: significant b/c access to more resources,
languages (Arabic), early Islam common religion, Muhammad was a merchant
thus, helped making merchants more acceptable, pilgrimage to Mecca related to
trade b/c huge commercial opportunity b/c ppl came from all corners of the earth,
helped facilitate trade
Arab empire trade intensify century
Lead to taxation systems, foreign merchants, elevated social status, scales and
measurements all developed in early century of A.E. being carried onto other
cultures ie. Italian learned languages and developments of Arabs; allowed for
exchange of ideas
Overlap of trade, religious and cultural networks
CHANGE IN CONSUMPTION
In Africa, trade in gold salt
Emergence of traders as distinct social group social transformation b/c of
elevated social status; establishing monassaries, to establish themselves as piest
ppl
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Social mobility investing wealth in property, purchasing land for argriucultural
production
Dual process of state consolidation through process of trade systems
Creating rules and laws on who has access
State control of trade
Made certain states rele powerful
Helped and benefited from trade
Guarantee safety of traders
More secure roads came more likely they were to choose them over others,
helped in wealth of rulers
Trade routes vehicle of transfer for animals, plants, disease
Buddhism ex. from china
Islam across the Sahra : observing Islam from travelling merchants
Black death, taking death toll across Asia in 16
th century b/c of trade routes over
lands
SILK ROADS
Prominent in post-classical era
Named after most exclusive product
From china, Mediterranean penisinnsula, India, etc. Very wide
Help spread of languages and horse technology: used for carrying and travelling
Land based road
Flourished when large powerful states consolidated
Classical antiquity, when roman and other in charge of Asia
7th-8th century
Mongol conquest took up much of Eurasia black death and collapse of many
societies
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