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Lecture

HistoryLecture13Oct27.docx


Department
History
Course Code
HISB31H3
Professor
Natalie Rothman

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History Lecture 13 Oct 27th, 2010
final exam - will have identifications only from the midterm point on, but also essay question =
cumulative, covers all of the course
Imperial cartographies
Keyterms
People- Gerard Mercator, Ptolemy, Piri Reis, Abraham Ortelius, Matteo Ricci
Concepts- Imperial cartography, Mercator projection, Mappamundi, T-O map, Portolan Chart,
Euroentrism
Lecture's themes
- competing ways of imagining and depicting t world in different times, places, and social contexts
- how cartography depended on other projects of cultural renewal and gave them distinct shape
- the deep (and reciprocal) links between map-making and empire-building
-14th 15th 16th centuries in what ways to all maps represent the world in unique ways relivent to the
period and the people who used them
image by Hans Holbein the Younger, The Ambassadors (1533) - ambassadors of Henry VIII, things
portrayed behind them, two globes one terrestial and one celestrial, and tool to messure them, reflects
the elivated status of those depicted in the portrait, consumtion of globes a marker of high status, new
understanding of the globe during this period, people became aware of the size of the globe and
growing world around them, marks your an educated and well imformed person
Earliest surviving globe,created 1492 by Martin Behaim (1459-1507) - incorporation of the americas into
world maps in early 16th century, often missshaped form because people did not know shape and
extent of the americas, rapid exchange of knowledge around the world, rapid pace of information about
exploration spread, americas become icon of explosion of knowledge and fast spread of knowledge,
some historians say the first century of globalization
ability to produce both text and images in mass qauntities, can be enjoyed and appreciated by those
who are illeterate, therefore map are very effective tool of ideology
GerardMercator - important player in printing and circulating maps, legacy in how we imagine the
world, way he projected the globe on a flat plan the mercator projection world map, created a map
favorable for navigation beecause the lines are straight and easy to follow, this map became very
dominate, conformal map, another projection from 18th century the mollweide proection world map is
much more accurate in terms of size but not in terms of shape ad direction of lines
Marco Polo kneeling before Kubilai Khan, miniature cs. 1410-1412 - aactual worked for him as member
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