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Lecture

Lecture 3


Department
History
Course Code
HISB31H3
Professor
Neville Panthaki

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JAN 14
Along the coast in Africa, there were small groups of territories held by English and French
1815, end of Napoleonic war
The holdings of the Dutch and the French were reorganized
The British got land from the Dutch
The Boers tried to flee British administration by setting up two small colonies in the North
This resulted to duel administration
The british launched a series of war called Boer War (1899-1902)
Eventually, the British won
French Colonies
The French administered colonies in a very direct way
Algeria (1830-1869)
Tunisia (1881)
Morocco (1912)
Morocco Crisis occurred when the French expanded their empire in the North
French colonies were nearer to Europe
They considered Algeria as a state of France. It was administered as part of France
This is why there was a great influx in French colonies
In the west part of Africe, Senegal, Guinea, Ivory Coast and Damoney were also
incorporated in 1904 as a single unit and administered as French West Africa
(conglomeration for a plantation type of economy…cash crops)
The French got cash crops from these areas and began infrastructure
These areas were administered differently from other areas because the French thought it
would be more useful to use all their resources to the first three areas
French Equatorial Africa, 1910, (Congo Basin) to get natural resources
History of West Indies:
Labour from Africa were exported to West Indies
The British Navy stopped competition by blowing foreign ships and by protecting the naval
fleet
Pre 1492:
The name of the region, Caribbean, came from the name of tribes
There were about 6 million native population (divided by 3)
They were decimated due to genocide (de-population), disease, slavery and racial mix (euro
with native pop and black slave pop with native)
1492- Hispaniola (Haiti and Dominican Republic) Base:
This was a prosperous time for Spanish and Portuguse
Mexico (Aztecs): by cortes
Perll (Incas): by Pizarro
English and French vs. Spanish and Portugese:
The English had taken Barbados (1625), Jamaica (1655) and Trinidad (1802) and the French
had Haiti (1697)
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