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Lecture 10

HISB31H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Christmas Truce

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Neville Panthaki

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Phases/Periodization: (Western Front WW1)
Aug-Nov 1914:
German Attempt for Quick Victory
The military planners and the politicians know that they will lose
In the first world war, strategy was to win quickly
They did not have the resources to fight a long fight, no manpower or weaponry
Fighting from a point of weakness
This quick war is the Schlieffen plan
France/Brit, stop-line
German planning included case planning (what would happen if this happened)
oSchlieffen Plan
oAllies attempted to stop them leading to the first Battle Marne
o1st Ypres battle
Because there is trench warfare, battles occur at the same location
Nov 1914- March 1918:
Winner is who can hold out the longest based on their economic ability
Allied attempt to evict germans
o2nd Ypres
o3rd Ypres (Vimy Ridge and Passchendale)
Trench warfare/Attrition strategy
March-Nov 1918:
German re-organization (Russia, part of Allies, drops out due to Russian Revolution 1917)
American entry
o2nd Marne
First World War- Phase 1:
oSchlieffen Plan:
oGerman general Schlieffen created a plan where Germany would fight on two fronts against
Russia and France
oHe looked at the economic and military capability of each country
oHis plan was the Germany would fight France first and then Russia
oRussia’s military was outdated so it would take them a long time to get to the border in
oBy that time, he could fight France
oThe way to defeat France was to go through Belgium and attack Paris from behind
oThe Allies were called to help
oBritain did not have a military
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