Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (620,000)
UTSC (30,000)
History (700)
Lecture 12

Lecture 12


Department
History
Course Code
HISB31H3
Professor
Neville Panthaki
Lecture
12

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
FEB 11
Versailles: Ottoman Empire:
Ambition:
oAustria-hungary (wanted Balkans because it was a Slavic speaking region)
o1908, Bulgaria “independent” under the control of the Ottomans
o1908, Austro-hungary annexed bosnia and Herzegovina
1st Balkan War (1912-12):
Started as a civil dispute (coalition of Serbia, Belgaria, Greece and Montenegro against
Ottomans)
they tried to free themselves
conflict broke out between these nations over division of land
2nd Balkan War (1913):
Russia supported Serbia and Greece vs. Bulgaria supported by Austria-Hungary (internal
conflict)
1913, Albania becomes independent
Problems were that “decay” of the ottoman empire and their inabilities for nationalities to
come together
1913, Macedonia and parts of Thrace independence ( divided between Greece and Serbia,
Greece got majority)
The idea that the empire would collapse was probably wrong
It was more of an orderly collapse
Italy:
Made a claim for Libya (1911)
1915, Italians were promised influence in the collapse of the empire (Albania)
So there is conflict (British duplicity)
There were several claims, thinking that they had an imperial power on their side
Greece:
Much more supported by UK for geopolitical reasons (cultural reasons)
Greece was the founder of post-western civilization
The British supported their claims because that it was important to have a strong candidate in
the Meditarranean
Greece wanted Albania and Constantinople (Istanbul)
Britain/France/Russia:
1914, war aims divided territories
Russia was guaranteed Constantinople
The Russians wanted an expanded port on the Black Sea
So this conflicted with Italy and Greece
Sykes-Picot Agreement (1916)
oAgreement between UK and France
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version