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Lecture

HISB93H3 Professor Dowler Fall 2009 Lecture Note


Department
History
Course Code
HISB93H3
Professor
Wayne Dowler

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NOV 24
Crimean
Kazan
Astrakhan
Zaporozhian
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Pereiaslavl
Stroganov
Ermak
Ob
Enisei
Lena
Kolyma
Baikal
Amur
Ussuri
Nerchinsk
Dezhnev
Bering
x Muscovy was creating itself into an empire
x The extent and the speed of expansion to the south and east was remarkable
x It was difficult to expand to the west because there were many organized territories already
(so conflict)
x In the south, the Crimean Tatars are in place and they are protected by the Ottoman Empire
x There is the possibility of expansion to the south, but there is conflict there too
x In the east, there are not many organized states to resist a serious Russian push
x Only the Chinese were able to halt their expansion
x The eastern frontier is open and Russian expansion there is spectacular
x Why states expand are for defensive and economic motives
x When faced with an enemy, like the Crimean Tatars, the natural impulse is to push back the
area where the enemy operates (create a buffer zone)
x Preferably, you defeat the enemy and annex their territory
x This motive in Russia is made more important by the flatness and openness of the country
with very little natural boundaries
x The Russians tended to expand in search for borders
x The economic motive makes them move into an area in search for resources and exploit that
area (for furs, honey, lax, salt etc)
x This search for new resources led the Russians across Siberia and on to the west coast and
establish trading posts into Southern California
x There was an additional economic motive which was the tendency of the peasantry to move
into new areas
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