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Ancient Med Lecture Notes 1-11

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Chris Wallace

Ancient Med Lecture Notes Lecture 1: Ancient med world 1 -Common era -BCE -centuries: 5th Century BCE= 490-400 BCE -Third Century CE=200-299 CE Approaches to the Ancient World: -Comparative literature : Zeitgesit -French/evolutionary school Reception: -our reading of a text is a meditated, not direct. -That meditation is worth studying Intertextuality -Meaning is relative, not absolute roman eagle-symbol of power symbol of authority- misolinis budge of sticks with axe next to it "likter's" (goon squad) carried them! unties bundle of sticks and will beat people if they step out of line axe for really bad people Interextuality In Action Vergil, Gerogia 4.1-7 "Next i'll speak about the celestial gift of honey from the air, Maecenas,give this section too your regard. I'll tell you improper sequence about the greatest spectacle of the slightest things,and of brave generals, and a whole nation's customs and efforts,tribes and battles. Labour, over little: but no little glory, if favourable powers allow, and Apollo listens to my prayer. What is History? "This is the record of what herodotus of Halicarnassus has learned by inquiry, displayed here so that human achievements shall not be lost in the passing of time and that the great and marvellous deeds--those done by Greeks and those done by barbarians -- should have their due renown, and especially to show why the two fought against each other." 2 core components of history: 1.Evidence (Kinds and relationships) 2.Emplotment (theories and models) Lecture 2: ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt: 3.agricultural revoluton : 5500 BECE 4.urban revolution: 3100 BCE -cuneiform War between Umma and lavash 2500 Sargon of Akkad unites Mesopotomia: 2240 BCE -Enheduanna Ziggurat Reign of Hammurabi: 1792-1750 Hittite Sack of Babylon: 1600 Narmer Unifies Egypt: 3000 BCE Old Kingdom: 2575-2134 -Mastaba, Djoser I: ca.2670 First Intermediary Period: 2134-2040 Middle Kingdom: 2040-1640 Second Intermediary Period: 1640-1532 -Hyksos New Kingdom: 1532-1069 -Hatshepsut: 1473-58 Akhenaten: 1363-1347 "Fertile Cresecent" Irrigated by Tigris and Euphrates Cities benefited from trade Tokens represented certain goods-trade later was changed to cuneiform tablet with practice wedge-marks centralized,effective authority allows for population expansion and growth' but this means you need more land! and all communities around are doing the same=contact=conflict First historical event: war between lavash and Umma, 2400 BCE war was totally at the hands of their gods (their patron deity_ divine authority decides everything in society and fate in general stele of the vultures (artistic tablet) 2450 The Standard of Ur: War two sided picture; one side represents Ur at War, one represents Ur at Peace=depicts life at Ur war side: semi-divine figure in centre of picture; (beyond other humans around him) peace side: central agricultural and economic authority; good planning; First historical person is Sargon of Akkad: 23rd C.BCE (suspiciously mythical) his name means "just king" he was the child of royal parents they decided to put him on a wooden basket cause they didn't want him , someone found him and raised him on his own (raised by a shepherd) unites the entire region of mesopotamia King of the new empire- finds the new city "akkad" Sargon found dynasty and preserved it ; Sargon major patron of the Gods, restored Zigguarats; enforced his daughter to be a priestess/princess rain ruined the ziggurat's ,Sargon fixed up Zigguarats after he conquered bad things happen to you=cause God's are upset , need to find out why they are upset Naram-Sin (2254-2218) Sargon grandson his victory after Lubbi people proclaiming himself to be the moon god-flesh on earth wave in invasion of a new breed of people 500 years later from the chaos a new kind : King Hammaurabi Babylonia becomes seat of empire -conquest of neighbours by 1763 Similar codes exist before Hammurabi Inscribed on a stele he unified mesopotamia under babylon code of Hammurabi is not the first law code, hammurabis is the first one to survive its
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