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Lecture 11

Lecture 11

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Neville Panthaki

FEB 11 AMERICA: • April 9, US declares war, and next month, the begin conscription • There was no training until September • Their division size was too large (14000-18000) • They had a organizational and structural problems • Pershzng (commander) demanded cavalry fighting, which was outdated • They used mixed equipment provided by the French and british • Pershzng insisted that US force was commanded independently with no allied coordination with allies • Americans lacked the transport that would take their troups from America to britain • UK send ships to transport US (May-July)  300000 per month • As all of these changes were happening, the others were starting to drop out o Oct 31- Ottoman Empire o Nov 4- Austria-Hungary o Nov 4- Revolution in Germany o Nov 6- German Social Democratic Government Armistice (not the end of the war. They agreed for a ceasefire, cease hostilities temporarily) o Nov 11: Armistice reached The Versailles Settlement (1919) French Demands: • Restoration of Alsace-Lorraine (which was taken by Germany)—they got it • Detach Ruhr and Saar (coal producing areas to reduce Germany’s industrial production for military development and to profit)—French occupied that Saar for 15 years (Saar) and in the end there was a plebiscite, and French had the right to go into Ruhr to extract 40-45 tons of coal per year • French wanted a security pack with US and UK (any problem with France, British would help)—they did not agree • Reparations—did not get (Germany did not pay it) • Wanted Rhineland (land between France and Germany) demilitarized (this would allow French to prepare if Germany wanted to attack)—they got it Britain’s Demands: • They wanted a strong European market • Before the war, Germany was the biggest trade partner • They need Germany to be strong in order for UK to grow • So they had no desire for French domination • They feared soviet influence (prevent Bolshevism) • They
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