Agency (action & interpretation) /structure (features of the social world): relationship between people and society. Problematizes everyday living: taken-for-granted assumptions, common sense understandings, and so-called obvious explanations of human behaviour, health and disease. Assume either a consensus or con ict model of society. Think beyond our own subjective perceptions to question common-sense. Theories in sociology of health: structural functionalism, symbolic internationalism, social constructionism, political-economy (marxist, others : feminist, queer, critical disability study, post-colonial. Consensus view of society: assumes shared values, norms, attitudes and beliefs - maintaining social order. Social order maintained by people acting in certain de ned roles, performing certain functions. Illness as deviance: unnatural state of the human body, causing both physical and social dysfunction. Medicine is part of a controlling apparatus within society that functions to maintain social order by returning people to health. Healthcare: exists to restore and maintain social order.