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Lecture 2

lecture 2 - "Plagued" film

Health Studies
Course Code
Caroline Barakat

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- blue lips
- pneumonia
- broad spectrum of antibiotics - autopsy
looking at cultures, doing spears --
plague pneumonia
- plagues only infect humans by accident -- only affect animals
- squirrels
- had a cat that had become sick during the week prior to her illness, outside cat
- before, cat brought in a dead chipmunk -- cat became ill, nursed cat
- cat was sneezing, wheezing, discharge from nose
- family reunion -- did not get the plague
- three types of plague - septicemia, bubonic, pneumonic (affects lungs)
kills so fast that antibiotics are useless
- spreads as little as a sneeze
- epidemics & society -- pathogen has its own life, interconnects in complicated ways
with society itself -- plague evolved in rodents in central Asia - more virulent causes
disease - traveling (quiet transmission
- 1345 - Black Death - buboes 1 in 4 people died, few to care for sick, stench in
streets, overpiling, loss, angry, confused - crisis in faith -- blamed strangers (jews)
- death was brought by feated air that rose from the ground - contagion
- fear of the outsider came to be reflected in public health measures
- 40 days -- quarantine
- Mediterranean trading routes, transmitting plagues to the west
- feudal breakup, towns are centres of refugees [growing population of urban poor,
desperately, out of poverty, lack of civil government]
- july 1630 - Florentine, set up roadblocks so no one could pass
- 20 000 people died, plague disappeared as quickly as it came
- Europe is gradually learning to fortify itself - sanitation, quarantine, etc
- East - late 1880s - new worlds to infect (Australia)
Australians used methods developed 300 years earlier
- quarantining major parts of central cities, streets barricaded - house by house,
street by street cleansing filth
- policy of removal of people who were diagnosed with plague - strangers,
neighbours bound up and taken to quarantine as well
- forcibly quarantined and taken away from homes
- Chinese
removed to isolation even though they were not contacts of plague
- accusations
- rats, fleas, and plagues
blood of rats is infected - flees digest infected blood,
fleas clogged, find a new home (new rodent, or human)
- spread to wild animals population -
- plague is everywhere, waiting for us, if we ignore the potential - it will come again
- vole, field mouse, paramiscus, deer
- if plague starts, it is horrendously fast - have to be ready for it at all times
- catch squirrels, if fleas test positive for plague -- preventive measures have to be
put into place
- plastic container, bait, flea powder
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