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HLTC02H3 (47)


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Health Studies
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Toba Bryant

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2012-02-27 HLTC02H3 S Lecture 6(5): Gender, Race, and Public Policy • Gender, Race, and Inequalities in Health o Gender and race: social constructs o Socially produced categories that enable society to make sense of the world  Can denigrating people according to these constructs in various areas of society • Gender Inequalities in Health o Disadvantage women of colour o Certain meaning attached to both categories • Sex and Gender Influence Health and Care Needs o Sex-specific conditions s/a reproduction, menopause, screening for cancers, specific to women, cancers specific to men o Health conditions prevalent among women s/a breast cancer, eating disorders; HIV/AIDS in men o Sex-neutral diseases or conditions—heart disease, diabetes o Women’s gendered roles—caregiving, sex-segregation of labour force participation in general and in health care; demands of women’s care giving o Gender stereotypes in health care system may adversely affect women • Canadian Women’s Health Network o Women have stronger immune systems but more likely to have poor mental health outcomes o Men tend to respond differently to medications than women • Women and Cardiovascular Disease o Study on CVD in Somali Women in the Diaspora o Migration to Kenya and Yemen o Highest proportion of asylum seekers in UK and US o “diaspora”: transnational movement and common historical • CVD in Somali Women in Diaspora o Stressors associated with migration  Healthier than populations in host countries  Health may be impaired by displacement, famine, and/or civil war  Increasing hypertension o Study findings  Somali women in diaspora- chronic physiologic stress (CVD risk factor)  Few studies on CVD in Somali women despite that “Somali women are exposed to multiple risk factors for CVD.”  Hypertension and hypercholesterolemia--- rampant among Somali women o Conclusions  Research into differences b/w African-Americans and Somali women  Contextualized lives—cultural, dietary, epigenetic (heritable changes in gene expression)- and hardships assoc. w/ being in a diaspora and impact on their biologies • Intersectional Analysis o How gender shapes and is influenced by conditions, practices, and relations b/w men and women, groups of women, markets, power and inequality o Social, political, and economic context  For example, communication barrier can cause stress  How social determinants affect the access to health and other services  Put a gender and also diversity lens on different situations • Race o Aboriginal peoples’ for example, have lo
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