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Lecture 12

HLTB01 Lecture 12.pdf

5 Pages

Health Studies
Course Code
Michelle Silver

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HLTB01 Lecture 12 November-27-12 2:18 PM Cue Column: Note-Taking Area: (Cont'd from last week) Qualitative Research • It's subjective; open to interpretation; doesn’t make claims that what it's discovering is universally true nor replicable • Allows people to speak in their own voice • Sensitive issues can be explored ○ Ex. Studies looking at STIs  Can't give specific answers to choose from • Triangulation - examining diff perspectives to ID where there is agreement among respondents ○ Similarities between responses  Ex. Put favourable responses and find what's similar about them • Useful in developing/refining theories ○ Provide rich descriptions of phenomena • Can help ID patterns • Study sensitive issues • Research Methods ○ Ethnography  Naturalistic inquiry □ Frequently observe and conversations □ Not interfere □ Take part in it  Subsets of ethnography □ Participant observation □ Case study  Key informant interviews  Structured ○ Focus groups  Way to explore attitudes and experiences of non- random samples and people who fit a particular profile □ Good for market research ○ Cognitive interviews  Think aloud □ Share thoughts about topic w/out researcher interference  Open-ended □ Shouldn't have specified response options  Helpful in interpreting responses • Strengths ○ Descriptive; rich, detailed answers ○ Flexible; doesn't force participant into set answers • Concerns Method Threat Ethnography - Researcher is present in host community - Presence can influence subjects Focus groups - One person may dominate group - Group dynamics Cognitive interviews- Often not useful on their own - helpful for part of larger study • Other concerns ○ Subjectivity -helpful for part of larger study • Other concerns ○ Subjectivity  Depends on researcher's interpretation  Might have different interpretation ○ Sensitive subject matters***  Face ethical dilemma  Concerns with how research deals with strong emotions from subjects This Week's Lecture Death & Dying • Human lifespan - is there a limit? ○ Graph from reading (Kirkwood, Scientific American) ○ People before us had more experience with death  Children died from infections at really young age  Giving birth is risky for women  Die from infections, blood poisoning ○ See # of advances in 2 areas specifically drastically reduce death in early adulthood:  Sanitation
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