week 4 lec/chp notes

6 Pages

International Development Studies
Course Code
Anne- Emanuelle Birn

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IDSB04 Oct, 5 (week 4, lecture 4) chp 5 Health Data -health related info and knowing how to obtain it is essential to taking action to improve health. -plays a vital role in helping to identify needs and shape solutions. -not all deaths recorded; most of 50 million deaths each year lack medical certification -social, political and economic factors for illness and death are insufficiently captured by routine health statistics. -many factors that influence health do not qualify as health statistics (rain, pollution, transport, etc.) -one of first priorities is to secure reliable health statistics collection. But data costs money. Where disease occurrence is highest, the numbers are the least trustworthy. -two assumptions: disease and death are medicalized processes that are certified by trained medical practitioners and publicly recorded. There is an agreed upon disease classification process universally applied by doctors through common diagnostic procedures. -International classification of diseases (ICD): cultural and economic factors limit adoption *****Table 5-1 Uses for statistical health data (11 uses listed) -detailed census date gives a voice to the voiceless. -health data used in public sphere for info regarding political system, education campaign. -Vital for determining whether goals and priorities are being met. -mortality and morbidity data can help provide causal explanations -have to make correlations between behaviours and health outcomes. Example: smoking causes lung cancer. -use of data in terms of deciding what variables are important. -primary reason for collection of health data is to track trends in population health status at the level of coutnreis, regions and subpopulations. -health data employed to measure success or limitations of medical or health promotion intervention, or social and economic policies. -health data used to compare populations with and between countries to evaluate effects of programs and policies, in order to use successful experiences in the future. -Health impact Assessment (HIA): considered health impact of both public and private sector policies in diverse arenas including zoning, transport, labour, energy, education. Calls for action and accountability on part of decision makers for promotion of health and reduction of health disparities. Monitoring and compliance under the 2007 international health regulations (196-8) -mandatory reporting -plague -yellow fever -cholera -smallpox: eradicated but re-emerged as bioterrorist threat -under surveillance: malaria, polio -annual report on actions taken and progress achieved in improving health of people. -International Health Regulations (IHR): national governments notify WHO of cases or outbreaks of certain diseases, and of measures taken to prevent their spread -public EMG international concern if: 1- constitutes a public health risk to other states through international spread of disease www.notesolution.com
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