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Lecture 2

Lecture 2 Notes

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Chandan Narayan

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Linguistics Lecture 2 NotesPhonetics deals with speechsounds elemental aspect of languagePhoneetichaving the property of soundScientific study of speech soundsMajor areas of phoneticsArticulatory production of speech soundsAcoustic phonetics physical properties of speech sounds pushing air from lungs to listeners earsAuditory how sounds are heardperceived What does the ear do with that soundmovement of air how hair cells respond to fluctuation of air Waveform physical representation of speech soundsNative speakers of English can identify the beginning sound of BAN as the same as the beginning sound of BUN BRICK ETCIdentify the end sound as the same as TON THIN SANE ETCTell you that BAN rhymes with CAN TAN ETCevidence of speech segmentsWe dont use letters it refers to spelling and is inconsistentYou have hissed my mystery lecture you have missed my history lectureSomething segmental of the above words switchableIn brain evidence for segmentsin this case an m for an hSlips of the tonguespoonerisms evidence comes from speech errorsSegments planning units in speech production A lack of piesA pack of liesevidence of planning ahead in terms of the soundPlanned to say the L but it came forward earlierWe hear things that are not thereAcoustic signals dont come with segment boundariesYou cannot isolate b from a or n from a in the continuous acoustic signalExample you say CAT all together not CAT no segmentationArticulatory gestures for different segments are typically produced with a significant amount of overlapWhile the mouth is closed for b your tongue is already in position for a compare with BEANKEYpronounce it your lips make the e sound before you make the k soundWe fail to hear things that are thereThere are many different ways of saying BANBrains impose a strict segmentation of these acoustic signalsNo two instances of BAN will be identical but native speakers will ignore differences in varietyRecognize these different instances of BAN as the sameCollective Phonetic Illusion
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