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Cathal O Madagain

PHLB09 2011 Lecture 7 Doing nothing but studying and having no social life might also be a failure ...could result in no friends and no energy, thus an unhappy life...this would be overcautious... Refusing to ever countenance abortion might be over cautious ...but turning to abortion under any circumstance without the slightest hesitation might be irresponsible Making decisions with the same lack of respect for human life as Anne (case 5) could lead to misery: o Using your friends; ignoring others interest; failing to have any abiding meaningful relationships Problem with virtue theory: o It tells us that there are subtle dimensions to making important life-decisions o But it doesnt tell us anything about abortion specifically Why is abortion in some contexts a failure to appreciate the value of human life? ...whats so special about human life? ...why do we feel so strongly about questions concerning abortion, but not about questions concerning bicycles or clothes? DIFFERENT KINDS OF VALUE Dworkin argues that the reactions we have to abortion suggest something specific is going on here (whats the difference between a fetus and a bicycle) He recognizes that we have very extreme reactions to questions on abortion Our reactions to abortion are not well explained by a mothers rights model ...we think that abortion may be a poor choice - or even monstrous - even when within a persons rights Our reactions to abortion are not well explained by a fetuss rights model Those who argue in favour of fetus right often make exceptions for: rape, thereat to mothers life Rape ought not to make any difference o Being the product of rape doesnt affect a persons rights Accidentally threatening someone elses life shouldnt make a difference: o Suppose two people are living on one kidney; a doctor cant kill one of them to save the other - thats murder So maybe its neither: A. The rights of the mother B. The status of the fetus as a person Dworkin holds that we value the fetus in a very specific way 1.Subjective value versus Objective value Subjective values: o I like running on the lake o So running on the lake has subjective value for me o ...but this doesnt say anything about how you should feel about it Objective values: o Im not a huge fan of the Mona Lisa o But, nevertheless, I recognize the great paintings have value in themselves o I should respect them, even if Im not a huge fan myself 1.Instrumental versus final value Money has instrumental value ...I can use it (as an instrument) to get things
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