Feudalism: type of society with 2 groups. Lecture 2: feudal s (owned everything, and had practically undisturbed total power) 10-12th century, pope was said to be gods representative, gods power transferred to pope on earth, and. Pope= god on earth: god pope king, all happenings had to have pope s seal of approval, the common folk= nothing. Later on, the separation of church from state, power of pope shifts to king: god pope king (absolute ruler) At this point, the common folk= something (the starting-point of rights: the separation of religion from politics. At this point, private property becomes one of the most important utensils for the common folk (the introduction of natural law i am a human being, and therefore, i have been born into my rights). Later, power of the ruler is limited through the constitution (making the people stronger: king the people, the emerging concept of democracy and government + constitution.