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Political Science
Christopher Cochrane

Week 9 Gender: Differences(physiological) between Masculinity or Femininity Men perceived as strong, aggressive and brave Testosterone has an effect on men A lot of identity construct by the way people see it Women perceived as less aggressive, nurturing, caring We have visions of what we see in a political leader Politics: Men have dominated politically in western societies In Canada, women were able to vote Women do not participate in politics where combativeness is necessary If women participate in political setting, they are expected to behave in a particular way as leaders and were expected to act tough and violate gender norms If women act as women, we perceive them positively as women but negatively as leaders Sexual orientation: focus on life courses of men and women Liberal leadership rights being won Ontario elected its first female premier Homosexuals spend their whole life conceal their sexual identity. Why? Sexual identity is something people are born with and existed, exist as long as it exists Notion of gender identity – fundamentally unnatural Civil rights of United States: all people grouped together to represent their equal rights Gays, lesbians and the social movement had a different approach Broad based social movement – political movements and interests groups seek to achieve political objectives, change the society in which politics play out Parades, campaign starts Small actions combined to justify on changes on how people speak and act and the culture that they possess Social movements – political movements target cultural and policy changes Appeal to people who oppose you. Description of how social changes occur Any decisions made by society changed the way in which society worked Role of state: Does society shape the state? Different way of looking at it: think of the state as separate from society might be the first problem State is embedded in society It is just people. Every aspect of state involves individuals interacting together State embedded in society: People part of state (civil servants) are members of the society State creates universal education, paid them to teach State is embedded in society with different norms, state-society distinction Government force to place Canadian content for CRTC CBC create national identity in Canada Groups of people who were not considered desirable immigrants Canadian immigration policy based on
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