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Lecture 3

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Political Science
R Rice

LECTURE 3: Colonialism and Neocolonialism I. Motives for Colonialism (Gold, God, Glory) II. Legacies of Colonialism III. From Independence to In Dependence IV. Development as Colonialism? V. Neocolonialism and MNCs ________________________________________________________________________ I. Motives for Colonialism Colonialism Defined: The political control of people"s territories by foreign states sometimes accompanied by permanent settlement a) Economic: colonies were seen as a business and the aim of the colonizers was to produce a profit (Gold Motive) b) Religious and Cultural: the desire to spread the Christian faith was part of the colonizing drive (God Motive) c) Prestige: colonies stood as symbols of greatness for a mother country (Glory Motive) Ex: Falklnd islands in Argentina d) Strategic: some colonies were used to protect the mother country's investments and borders e) Surplus Population Motive: other colonies served as outlets for a mother country's surplus + undesirable population II. Legacies of Colonialism a) Poverty and Underdevelopment: due to the loss of natural resources and the creation of economic dependency b) Loss of Language/Culture: due to the introduction of western eduction the Christian religion c) Death/Displacement: due to the slave trade and at the hands of the European weapons and diseases - conquest alone approximately 50% of the people had died - 35-70 million people died d) Inequality: due to unequal access to land and employment as a result of racism and discrimination macro/mini land arrangement e) Conflict: due to the artificial drawing of state boundaries III. From Independence to In Dependence Transfer of Power: (left at a disadvantage): Politics (internal division > eco sum politics) Economics (over-reliance on raw material) IV. Development as Colonialism? Development as Colonialism Thesis: suggests a striking continuity between the colonial era and the era of development; eg. no attempt to re-draw national borders; no attempt to restore pre-colonial cultural patterns; no attempt to restore pre-colonial land use patterns. V. Neocolonialism
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