Class Notes (834,149)
Canada (508,378)
POLB90H3 (139)

POLB90 Lec 12.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Matthew Hoffmann

POLB90 Lecture 12 Tuesday, November 26, 2013 Export Processing Zone (Concluded) and Review  (Session 7­11) What can be done? - International labour standards o International Labour Organization has been pushing for a long time, and nothing has happened. o Many activist believe would solve the labour issues in EPZs - Enforcement? o Powerful actors: MNC - Self-monitoring? o Monitor their compliance. Some MNC do it to, some don’t. Some claim to do it don’t enforce if they don’t incline to do so. - Mobilization o Political pressure. o Labour organizing with international support o Consumer boycott  Must be wide spread in order for it to be effective. - Need a fundamental change in development thinking o Human development and improvement of social condition were not seen as economic reform/policy o State needs to have minimal role. o Propel growth and redistribution has been taken away from GS countries MAJOR THEMES FROM LAST 5 WEEKS Expansion of Europe and Colonial Rule - Essential element of understanding modern politics in economic and social aspects in GS countries. - Europe expanded, conquered and colonized most countries of the GS - Encountered complex societies o Not primitive undifferential societies. Mostly complex societies - The impact was profound o Americas, reordering the political economic social order. Reduction of the indigenous population o Post-Spanish Portuguese conquest, new societies with high inter-racial mingling that was closely linked to politics and social link. o Slave trade devastated Africa, involved the transportation of slave to the Caribbean. - General features: o Production to satisfy European needs o Profound cultural impact  European superiority and right to rule. o Creation of strata of collaborators  Strata of indigenous people who benefitted from colonial rule and were willing to go along with it. - Franz Fanon o Observed the psychological impact of colonial rule. o Aware of the fact that colonial rule had had harmful consequences in terms of the thinking of the colonized o Especially true of the elites (educated in the west, leading struggles for independence) within colonial society POLB90 Lecture 12 Tuesday, November 26, 2013 o Solution: violent revolutionary struggle o Elites that came to power and think in western ways and remain allies with western countries Political independence: Control from the Outside /continues (Neo-colonialism) - The MainActors o The IMF  stabilization programs o The World Bank  mid 1980s, initiated SAPS  recognized that stabilization wasn’t working needed more profound changes  Washington Consensus o The commercial banks – informal conditionality  Pressured countries to lend, when debt crisis hit, commercial banks demanded payments. Made the countries look bad, and some countries went under.  Informal conditionality: establishment of committees with representatives discuss government policies and make points about what needed to be done. o Domestic Technocrats  People in GS countries, educated in the West, with degree in economics. Had positions in institutions such as IMF and WB. Went back home and when debt crisis occurred, they were the one that led the negotiation. Became internal advocated for the country. Had close links to the multilateral institutions.  Recrui
More Less

Related notes for POLB90H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.